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Effect of Root Extracts of Medicinal Herb Glycyrrhiza glabra on HSP90 Gene Expression and Apoptosis in the HT-29 Colon Cancer Cell Line

  • Nourazarian, Seyed Manuchehr (Department of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Nourazarian, Alireza (Department of Biochemistry and Clinical Laboratories, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Majidinia, Maryam (Department of Biochemistry and Clinical Laboratories, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Roshaniasl, Elmira (Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2016.01.11

Abstract

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common lethal cancer types worldwide. In recent years, widespread and large-scale studies have been done on medicinal plants for anti-cancer effects, including Glycyrrhiza glabra. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an ethanol extract Glycyrrhiza glabra on the expression of HSP90, growth and apoptosis in the HT-29 colon cancer cell line. HT-29 cells were treated with different concentrations of extract (50,100,150, and $200{\mu}g/ml$). For evaluation of cell proliferation and apoptosis, we used MTT assay and flow cytometry technique, respectively. RT-PCR was also carried out to evaluate the expression levels of HSP90 genes. Results showed that Glycyrrhiza glabra inhibited proliferation of the HT-29 cell line at a concentration of $200{\mu}g/ml$ and this was confirmed by the highest rate of cell death as measured by trypan blue and MTT assays. RT-PCR results showed down-regulation of HSP90 gene expression which implied an ability of Glycyrrhiza glabra to induce apoptosis in HT-29 cells and confirmed its anticancer property. Further studies are required to evaluate effects of the extract on other genes and also it is necessary to make an extensive in vivo biological evaluation and subsequently proceed with clinical evaluations.

Keywords

Glycyrrhiza glabra;HT-29 colon cancer cells;HSP-90;apoptosis

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