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Quality Characteristics of Dry-cured Ham Made from Two Different Three-way Crossbred Pigs

  • Yim, Dong-Gyun (Department of Health Administration and Food Hygiene, Jinju Health College) ;
  • Hong, Doo-Il (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Sangji University) ;
  • Chung, Ku-Young (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Sangji University)
  • Received : 2015.03.04
  • Accepted : 2015.05.23
  • Published : 2016.02.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to compare the physicochemical traits of dry-cured hams made from two different three-way crossbred pigs: Yorkshire${\times}$Landrace${\times}$Duroc (YLD) and Yorkshire${\times}$Berkshire${\times}$Duroc (YBD). Animals were slaughtered at a live weight of 110 to 120 kg and cooled at $0^{\circ}C$ for 24 h in a chilling room, the ham portion of the carcasses were cut and processed by dry-curing for physico-chemical analyses. While the moisture and crude protein contents of dry-cured ham were higher in YLD than in YBD, crude fat and ash content were higher in YBD (p<0.05). The salt contents of ham from YBD were higher than those from YLD (p<0.05). YBD ham samples showed a higher $L^*$ and $b^*$ values than those from YLD, while YBD ham showed lower $a^*$ value (p<0.05). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values of YLD hams were lower than those of YBD samples (p<0.05). Hardness, gumminess, chewiness, and shear force values of YBD ham were higher than those of YLD sample (p<0.05). Saltiness was significantly higher in YBD ham than in YLD samples (p<0.05). YLD ham displayed a superior quality than YBD. Considering the meat quality parameters of two-way crossbred ham, YLD hams could be more suitable for the production of dry-cured products.

Keywords

Crossbred Pig;Dry-cured Ham;Physico-chemical Trait

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Sangji University

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