Optimization of Encapsulation Conditions for Fermented Red Ginseng Extracts by Using Cyclodextrin

Cyclodextrin을 이용한 발효홍삼농축액 최적 포접 조건

  • Shin, Myung-Gon (Department of Food Science & Biotechnology, Woosong University) ;
  • Lee, Gyu-Hee (Department of Food Science & Biotechnology, Woosong University)
  • 신명곤 (우송대학교 외식조리영양학부) ;
  • 이규희 (우송대학교 외식조리영양학부)
  • Received : 2015.08.04
  • Accepted : 2015.09.30
  • Published : 2015.11.30


Fermented red ginseng concentrate is known as a healthy food source, whereas it has off-flavor such as bitterness and sour flavor based on fermentation. ${\beta}$- and ${\gamma}$-cyclodextrin (CD) were used to encapsulate the off-flavor of fermented red ginseng concentrate by using response surface methodology design on ${\beta}$- and ${\gamma}-CD$ combination. The reducing effects were analyzed by sensory evaluation for bitter and sour tastes, ginsenoside Rb1, and total acidity. The optimized mixing ratio of ${\beta}$- and ${\gamma}-CD$ for reducing bitterness was the least expected value of 2.07 at ${\beta}-CD$ 3.74% versus the soluble solid content of fermented red ginseng concentrate and the ${\gamma}-CD$ 20.63% mixture. The encapsulation effects of ginsenoside Rb1 were the most expected value of 96.75% at ${\beta}-CD$ 3.47% and ${\gamma}-CD$ 19.89% mixture. The encapsulation effects of sour taste were the least expected value of 5.63 at ${\beta}-CD$ 9.34% and ${\gamma}-CD$ 9.96% mixture. The encapsulation effects of lactic acid were the most expected value of 67.73% at ${\beta}-CD$ 16.0% and ${\gamma}-CD$ 13.18% mixture. Based on encapsulation and each optimized combination, the most effective entrapping ${\beta}$-and ${\gamma}-CD$ combination ratio was ${\beta}-CD$ 10% and ${\gamma}-CD$ 13%.

생리활성이 우수한 발효홍삼농축액 특유의 쓴맛과 발효과정 중 생성된 신맛 등의 이미를 개선하기 위해 ${\beta}$-, ${\gamma}$-cyclodextrin(CD) 혼합시료를 이용하여 이미를 포접시켜 관능평가와 ginsenoside Rb1 및 총산도를 분석하고 최대 포접효율을 나타내는 ${\beta}$-, ${\gamma}-CD$ 혼합시료의 농도를 반응표면분석 중심합성법으로 계획하여 기호성이 증진된 발효홍삼농축액을 제조하는 최적화 조건을 확인하였다. ${\beta}$-, ${\gamma}-CD$ 혼합시료를 이용한 쓴맛 포접 효과를 확인한 결과 예측된 정상점은 최저점으로 ${\beta}-CD$가 3.74%이고 ${\gamma}-CD$ 20.63%일 때 쓴맛이 2.07로 최소값을 나타내었다. Ginsenoside Rb1 포접 효과를 확인한 결과 예측된 정상점은 최대값으로 분석한 결과 ${\beta}-CD$가 3.47%이고 ${\gamma}-CD$가 19.89%일 때 ginsenoside Rb1이 96.75%로 최대값을 나타내었다. ${\beta}$-, ${\gamma}-CD$ 혼합시료를 이용한 신맛 포접 효과는 ${\beta}-CD$가 9.34%이고 ${\gamma}-CD$ 7.96%일 때 신맛이 5.63으로 최소값을 나타내었다. 젖산의 포접 효과는 ${\beta}-CD$가 16.00%이고 ${\gamma}-CD$ 13.18%일 때 젖산의 포접효율이 67.73%로 최대값을 나타내었다. 실험 결과를 중심으로 최적 조건을 중첩시켜 ${\beta}-CD$${\gamma}-CD$의 함량을 달리하여 발효홍삼농축액의 이미를 줄이기 위해서는 신맛의 포접 정도는 6, 쓴맛 포접 정도는 4, 산의 포접 정도는 65%, ginsenoside 포접 정도는 95%로 하는 조건을 만족하는 영역으로 ${\beta}-CD$${\gamma}-CD$의 첨가량은 ${\beta}-CD$가 10%이고 ${\gamma}-CD$가 13%임을 알 수 있었다.


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