DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Educational Training and Psychosocial Characteristics on Job Involvement in Dental Hygienists

치과위생사의 교육훈련, 자기효능감 및 사회적 지지가 직무몰입에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2015.07.11
  • Accepted : 2015.07.28
  • Published : 2015.08.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of educational training and psychosocial characteristics such as self-efficacy and social support on job involvement in dental hygienists. A total of 418 dental hygienists who were working in S, I and G area were recruited in this study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to evaluate individual and job characteristics, educational training, self-efficacy and social support of the study subjects. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed to examine the relationship of individual and job characteristics, educational training, self-efficacy and social support to job involvement. All statistical analyses were performed using the IBM SPSS Statistics ver. 20.0 for Windows, and p<0.05 was considered significant. The results show that learning experiences of liberal arts or social sciences as a part of college curriculum (t=-2.406), self-efficacy (t=3.728) and social support at work (t=4.391) were significantly associated with job involvement in dental hygienists. Dental hygienists who were having experiences of liberal arts or social sciences as a part of college curriculum, showing higher levels of self-efficacy, and receiving adequate social support from supervisors or coworkers at work were more likely to feel job involvement. They explained 17.4% of total variance of job involvement. This result suggests that experiences of liberal arts or social sciences as a part of college curriculum, higher levels of self-efficacy, and adequate social support from supervisors or coworkers at work might play an important role in increasing job involvement of dental hygienists. It is strongly required to develop individual and organizational program or training to promote a positive attitude to their job as a key professionals in the field of dental health, and to increase job involvement of dental hygienists.

Keywords

Dental hygienists;Educational training;Job involvement;Self efficacy;Social support

References

  1. Kang BW: A study on the relationship of empowerment, self-efficacy, and turnover intention of dental hygienists. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 1: 131-143, 2002.
  2. Statistics Korea: Korean standard classification of occupations. Statistics Korea, Daejeon, 2012.
  3. You MS. A study on the perception and preference of dental hygienist. Unpublished master's thesis, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, 2003.
  4. Geiger JWK, Davit SJ: Self-image and job satisfaction in varied settings. Nurs Manag 19: 50-58, 1988.
  5. Kim GY, Chung WG: Impact of human resource management and development on turnover intention of dental hygienist in Korean dental settings. J Korean Acad Oral Health 34: 505-515, 2010.
  6. Kim JH: The relationship between cardiovascular disease risk factors and cardiovascular disease awareness and industrial worker's life style. Unpublished master's thesis, Gachon University, Incheon, 2011.
  7. Lee SJ: Impact of the burnout, self-efficacy and social support of dental hygienists on organizational effectiveness. Unpublished master's thesis, Hanseo University, Seosan, 2013.
  8. Kim JH, Chang SJ: The relation between job stress and health problem according to working condition. Korean Assoc Health Med Sociol 31: 5-24, 2012.
  9. Jeong SB: The effect of emotional labor on burnout, job satisfaction and turnover intension among clinical dental hygienists. Unpublished master's thesis, Gachon University, Incheon, 2011.
  10. Cha JL: Relationship of emotional labor, social support and self-esteem to burnout in dental hygienists. Unpublished master's thesis, Ajou University, Suwon, 2012.
  11. Choi MS: A study on relation to empowerment of dental hygienist and immersion of duty and devotion of organization. Unpublished master's thesis, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 2004.
  12. Jeong KY, Han OS: A study on emotional labor, emotional burnout, turnover intention of dental hygienist. J Dent Hyg Sci 15: 280-286, 2015. https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.3.280
  13. Chen G, Gilly MS, Edin D: Validation of a view general self-efficacy scale. Organ Res Method 4: 62-83, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1177/109442810141004
  14. Park JW: A study on the development a scale of social support. Unpublished master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul, 1985.
  15. Kanugo RN: Measurement of job involvement. J Appl Psychol 67: 341-349, 1982. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.67.3.341
  16. Aamodt MG, Surrette MA, Cohen D: Understanding statistics in industrial/organizational psychology and human resource management. 2nd ed. Wadsworth Publishing, Belmont, 2010.
  17. Locke EA, Latham GP: Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation. Am Psychol 57: 705-717, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.57.9.705
  18. Maddux JE, Gosselin JT: Self-efficacy. In: Leary MR, Tangney JP, eds. Handbook of self and identity. Guilford Press, New York, pp.198-224, 2003.
  19. Bandura A: Health promotion by social cognitive means. Health Educat Behav 31: 143-164, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198104263660
  20. Caprara GV, Fida R, Vecchione M, et al.: Longitudinal analysis of the role of perceived self-efficacy for selfregulated learning in academic continuance and achievement. J Educat Psychol 100: 525-534, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.100.3.525
  21. Betz NE, Klein KL: Relationships among measures of career self-efficacy, generalized self-efficacy, and global self-esteem. J Career Assess 4: 285-298, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1177/106907279600400304
  22. Stajkovic AD, Luthans F: Self-efficacy and work-related performance: a meta-analysis. Psychol Bul 124: 240-261, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.124.2.240
  23. Creed P, Lehmann K, Hood M: The relationship between core self-evaluations, employment commitment, and wellbeing in the unemployed. Personal Individ Differ 47: 310-315, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.03.021
  24. Gist ME, Stevens K, Bavetta AG: Effects of self-efficacy and post-training intervention on the acquisition and maintenance of complex interpersonal skills. Pers Psychol 44: 837-861, 1991.
  25. Lindsley DH, Brass DJ, Thomas JB: Efficacy-performance spirals: a multi level perspective. Acad Manage Rev 29: 645-678, 1995.
  26. Cohen S, Wills TA: Stress, social support, and buffering. Psychol Bul 8: 310-357, 1985.
  27. Helgeson VS, Cohen S: Social support and adjustment to cancer: reconciling descriptive, correlational, and intervention research. Health Psychol 15: 135-148, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.15.2.135
  28. Hobfoll SE, Vaux A: Social support: social resource and social context. In: Goldberger L, Breznitz S, eds. Handbook of stress: theoretical and clinical aspects. 2nd ed. Free Press, New York, pp.685-705, 1993.
  29. Ryff CD, Singer BH: Emotion, social relationships and health. Oxford University Press, New York, 2001.
  30. Stroebe W, Srrobe M: The social psychology of social support. In: Higgins ET, Kruglanski AW, eds. Social psychology: handbook of basic principles. Guilford Press, New York, pp.597-621, 1996.
  31. Schabracq MJ: The design of reality. about the relation between situations and persons. Meppel, Boom, 1991.
  32. Schabracq MJ, Winnubst JAM, Cooper CL: The handbook of work and health psychology. John Willy & Sons Ltd., New Jersey, pp.47-49, 2003.
  33. Briner R, Hockey RJ: Operator stress and computer-based work. In: Cooper CL, Payne R, eds. Causes, coping and consequences of stress at work. John Wily & Sons Ltd., New Jersey, pp.115-140, 1988.
  34. Brown SP: A meta analysis and review of organizational research on job involvement. Psychol Bul 120: 235-255, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.120.2.235

Cited by

  1. Participation motivation and satisfaction of continuing education in the dental hygienists vol.16, pp.4, 2016, https://doi.org/10.13065/jksdh.2016.16.04.499