- Volume 18 Issue 5
DOI QR Code
The Selection of Suitable Site for Park and Green Spaces to Increase Accessibility and Biodiversity - In Case of Seongnam City -
접근성과 생물다양성 증진을 고려한 도시 공원·녹지의 필요지역 선정 - 성남시를 사례로 -
- Heo, Hankyul (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural System Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
- Lee, Dong Kun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural System Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
- Mo, Yongwon (Interdisciplinary Program in Landscape Architecture, Seoul National University)
- Received : 2015.05.27
- Accepted : 2015.10.27
- Published : 2015.10.31
Urban park and green space provide various functions. Among the functions, human benefit and increase of biodiversity are known to be important. Therefore, it is important to consider human and biotic aspect in the process of selecting suitable site for park and green space. However, there is insufficient research on both aspects. In this study, we used green network to analyze human and biotic aspect to select suitable site for park and green space in Seongnam City in Korea. To analyze the green network, we used accessibility for human aspect and used dispersal distance and habitat size for biotic aspect. We conducted least-cost path modelling using movement cost. In case of biotic aspect, GFS (generic focal species) is used to estimate habitat size and dispersal distance. To find out suitable site for park and green space, we used an overlay analysis method. As the result, old residential areas are shown have insufficient green network which needs park and green space. Furthermore, the green network for biotic aspect is insufficient in old residential areas comapred to green network for human aspect. The result of this study could contribute in planning of park and green space to maximize their functions.
Green network;Suitable site;Least cost path;Generic focal species;Bird
Supported by : 환경부
- Ahn YJ․Lee DK․Kim H and Mo Y. 2014. Applying Connectivity Analysis for Prioritizing Unexecuted Urban Parks in Sungnam. Journal of Korean Environmental Restoration Technology 17(3): 75-86. (in Korean) https://doi.org/10.13087/kosert.2014.17.3.75
- Bell S.․V. Hamilton․A. Montarzino․H. Rothnie․P. Travlou and S. Alves. 2008. Greenspace and quality of life: A critical literature review. Greenspace Scotland.
- Benedict, M. A. and E. T. Mcmahon. 2006. Green infrastructure: Linking landscapes and communities. Washington, DC, US: Island Press.
- Bennett G. 2004. Integrating biodiversity conservation and sustainable use: lessons learned from ecological networks. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
- Blair R. B. 1996. Land use and avian species diversity along an urban gradient. Ecological Applications 6(2): 506-519. https://doi.org/10.2307/2269387
- Broughton R. K.․R. Hill․S. N. Freeman․P. E. Bellamy and S. Hinsley. 2012. Describing habitat occupation by woodland birds with territory mapping and remotely sensed data: an example using the marsh tit (Poecile palustris) 114(4): 812-822. https://doi.org/10.1525/cond.2012.110171
- Cha SY and Park JH. 1999. Development of Green Network Plan Using Bird Habitat Evaluation Model -A Case Study of Seoul, Korea-. Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture 27(4): 29-38. (in Korean)
- Enoksson B.․P. Angelstam and K. Larsson. 1995. Deciduous forest and resident birds; the problem of fragmentation within a coniferous forest landscape. Landscape Ecology 10(5): 267-275. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00128994
- Fahrig L. 2003. Effects of habitat fragmentation on biodiversity. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 34: 487-515. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.34.011802.132419
- Fukui A. 1995. The role of the brown-eared bulbul Hypsipetes amaurotis as a seed dispersal agent. Res Popul Ecol 37: 211-218. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02515822
- Govindarajulu, D. 2014. Urban green space planning for climate adaptation in Indian cities. Urban Climate 10: 35-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2014.09.006
- Hashimoto H.․Y. Natuhara and Y. Morimoto. 2005. A habitat model for Parus major minor using a logistic regression model for the urban area of Osaka, Japan. Landscape and Urban Planning 70: 245-250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2003.10.020
- Hinsley S.․P. Bellamy․I. Newton and T. Sparks. 1995. Habitat and landscape factors influencing the presence of individual breeding bird species in woodland fragments. Journal of Avian Biology 26(2): 94-104. https://doi.org/10.2307/3677057
- Hong SH․Choi SH․Lee SD and Bae JH. 2009. Establishing Urban Green Network by Estimating Birds Moving Pattern. Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies 12(2): 99-110. (in Korean)
- Hong SK․N. Nakagochi․B. Fu and Y. Morimoto. 2007. Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas. Netherlands: Springer.
- Jongman R. H. G. and G. Pungetti. 2004. Ecological networks and greenways: concepts, design, implementation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
- Kong F.․H. Yin․N. Nakagoshi and Y. Zong. 2010. Urban green space network development for biodiversity conservation: Identification based on graph theory and gravity modeling. Landscape and Urban Planning, 95(1-2): 16-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2009.11.001
- Krebs J. R. 1970. Regulation of numbers in the Great tit(Aves: Passeriformes). J. Zool. Lond 162: 317-333.
- Lee DK․Song WK and Jeon SW. 2008. Regional Ecological Network Design for Wild Animals' Movement Using Landscape Permeability and Least-cost Path Methods in the Metropolitan Area of Korea. Journal of Korean Environmental Restoration Technology 11(3): 94-106. (in Korean)
- Lee JH. 2006. Species Composition of Breeding Birds as Related to Vegetation Components and Land Cover of Residential Areas in Seongnam, Korea. Ph.D dissertation, Seoul National University. (in Korean with English summary)
- Lerman S. B.․K. H. Nislow․D. J. Nowak․S. DeStefano․D. I. King and D. T. Jones-Farrand. 2014. Using urban forest assessment tools to model bird habitat potential. Landscape and Urban Planning 122: 29-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.10.006
- Maas, J.․Spreeuwenberg, P.․Van Winsum-Westra, M.․Verheij, R. a.․De Vries, S. and Groenewegen, P. P. 2009. Is green space in the living environment associated with people's feelings of social safety? Environment and Planning A 41(7): 1763-1777. https://doi.org/10.1068/a4196
- Moseley, D.․Marzano, M.․Chetcuti, J. and Watts, K. 2013. Green networks for people: Application of a functional approach to support the planning and management of greenspace. Landscape and Urban Planning 116: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.04.004
- Nakamura T. 1975. A study of Paridae community in Japan. III. Ecological separation in social structure and distribution. Miscellaneous Reports of the Yamashina Institute for Ornithology 7: 35-68.
- Natuhara Y. and C. Imai. 1999. Prediction of species richness of breeding birds by landscape-level factors of urban woods in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Biodiversity and Conservation 8: 239-253. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008869410668
- Opdam P. 2002. Assessing the conservation potential of habitat networks. In: Gutzwiller KJ (ed) Applying landscape ecology in biological conservation. Springer-Verlag, New York.
- Opdam, P.․E. Steingrover and S. van Rooij. 2006. Ecological networks: a spatial concept for multi-actor planning of sustainable landscapes. Landsc Urban Plan 75: 322-332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2005.02.015
- Pearce, J.․Witten, K. and Bartie, P. 2006. Neighborhoods and health: a GIS approach to measuring community resource accessibility. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 60: 389-395. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2005.043281
- Sagong JH․Ra JH․Cho HJ. 2007. Selection of the Priority Order for Additional Green Spaces for Urban Park and Green Network. Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture 34(6): 10-21. (in Korean)
- Sellers R. M. 1984. Movements of Coal, Marsh and Willow Tits in Britain. Ringing & Migration 5(2): 79-89. https://doi.org/10.1080/03078698.1984.9673834
- Seongnam-si. 2011. Seongnam statistical year book. Seongnam-si.
- Serret, H.․Raymond, R.․Foltête, J.-C.․Clergeau, P.․Simon, L. and Machon, N. 2014. Potential contributions of green spaces at business sites to the ecological network in an urban agglomeration: The case of the Ile-de-France region, France. Landscape and Urban Planning, 131, 27-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.07.003
- Sung HC and Shin JY. 2005. Strategies to Improve Park's Accessibility in City -Focus on Gyeonggi-do Region-. Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture 33(2): 83-91. (in Korean)
- Verhulst S.․C. M. Perrins․R. Riddington. 1997. Natal dispersal of great tits in a patchy environment. Ecology 78: 864-872. https://doi.org/10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[0864:NDOGTI]2.0.CO;2
- Watts, K.․A. E. Eycott․P. Handley․D. Ray․J. W. Humphrey and C. P. Quine. 2010. Targeting and evaluating biodiversity conservation action within fragmented landscapes: an approach based on generic focal species and least-cost networks. Landscape Ecology 25(9): 1305-1318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-010-9507-9
- 도시공원 및 녹지 등에 관한 법률, 법률 제13051호, 2015.01.20, 일부개정.