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Relationship between Spiritual Health and Quality of Life in Patients with Cancer

  • Mohebbifar, Rafat (Department of Health Management, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Pakpour, Amir H (Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Qazvin University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Nahvijou, Azin (Cancer Research Center, Cancer Institute of Iran, Tehran University of Medical Science) ;
  • Sadeghi, Atefeh (Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Qazvin University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.11.04

Abstract

As the essence of health in humans, spiritual health is a fundamental concept for discussing chronic diseases such as cancer and a major approach for improving quality of life in patients is through creating meaningfulness and purpose. The present descriptive analytical study was conducted to assess the relationship between spiritual health and quality of life in 210 patients with cancer admitted to the Cancer Institute of Iran, selected through convenience sampling in 2014. Data were collected using Spiritual Health Questionnaire and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC-QLQ). Patients' performance was assessed through the Karnofsky Performance Status Indicator and their cognitive status through the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Data were analyzed in SPSS-16 using descriptive statistics and stepwise linear regression. The results obtained reported the mean and standard deviation of the patients' spiritual health scoreas $78.4{\pm}16.1$ and the mean and standard deviation of their quality of life score as $58.1{\pm}18.7$. The stepwise linear regression analysis confirmed a positive and significant relationship between spiritual health and quality of life in patients with cancer (${\beta}$=0.688 and r=0.00). The results of the study show that spiritual health should be more emphasized and reinforced as a factor involved in improving quality of life in patients with cancer. Designing care therapies and spiritual interventions is a priority in the treatment of these patients.

Keywords

Spiritual health;quality of life;cancer;Iran

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