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Is Age an Independent Predictor of High-Grade Histopathology in Women Referred for Colposcopy after Abnormal Cervical Cytology?

  • Kingnate, Chalita (Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Supoken, Amornrat (Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Kleebkaow, Pilaiwan (Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Chumworathayi, Bundit (Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Luanratanakorn, Sanguanchoke (Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Kietpeerakool, Chumnan (Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University)
  • Published : 2015.11.04

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine whether advancing age is an independent predictor of increased risk of high-grade pathologies among women referred for colposcopy after abnormal cervical cytology. Medical records were reviewed for women with abnormal cervical cytology who underwent colposcopy at Khon Kaen University Hospital. Logistic regression was used to determine the independent impact of age on the risk of high-grade pathologies. Mean age of the women was 42.8 years. Of 482 women, 97 (20.1%) were postmenopausal, and 92 (19.1%) were nulliparous. The rate of high-grade pathologies included cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2-3, 99 (20.5%), adenocarcinoma in situ, 4 (0.8%), cervical cancer, 30 (6.2%), and endometrial cancer, 1 (0.2%). The prevalence of significant lesions was 26.9% (95% CI, 23.1%-31.2%). In total, 31 women had cancers (6.4%; 95% CI, 4.4%-9.0%). When controlling for smear types and parity, age was noted to be a significant independent predictor of high-grade histopathology. Women older than 35-40 years were approximately 2 times as likely to have severe histopathology as the younger women. This study illustrates the substantial risk of underlying significant lesions especially invasive cancer in Thai women with abnormal cervical cytology. Age was a significant independent factor predicting the risk of high-grade pathologies.

Keywords

Cervical cytology;cervical cancer;cervical intraepithelial neoplasia;risk factor

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