Awareness and Attitude of Nurses in Regard to Providing Hospice Care

  • Aghdam, Alireza Mohajjel (Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Aghaei, Mir Hossein (Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Hassankhani, Hadi (Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Rahmani, Azad (Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.11.04


Background: Awareness and attitudes of nurses regarding end of life care are important factors in providing hospice care. In an extensive literature review, we found no related articles investigating Iranian nurses awareness and attitudes about providing such care. Objectives: The aims of this study were to investigate the awareness and attitudes of Iranian nurses in providing hospice care. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 240 nurses employed in six educational centers were selected by non-randomized stratified sampling. The data collection instruments included an awareness test and attitudes regarding providing end of life care in hospice questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and independent sample t-tests, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation tests. Results: The nurses' awareness score was 14.3 out of 29 and 55.7% of them stated that they had not received any education in providing end of life care. Also, by obtaining the score of 91.7 out of 120 the attitudes of participants in providing end of life care in hospices were positive. In addition, the highest attitudes score of nurses were in the dimensions of benefits of implementation and health care team. Conclusions: Considering low awareness of nurses about end of life care in hospices, continuing education should be provided for them in this regard. Especially, by considering the positive attitude of nurses, providing such programs could help develop hospice care in Iran.


End life care;hospice;awareness;attitude;Iran


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