Analysis of Relationships between Altitude and Distance from Volcano with Stomach Cancer Incidence Using a Geographic Information System

  • Amani, F (Biostatistics, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Ahari, S Sadeghieh (Community Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Barzegari, S (Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Hassanlouei, B (Amol Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Sadrkabir, M (Internal Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Farzaneh, Esmaeil (Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.11.04


Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most common cancer in the world, with a wide variation in incidence rates across different geographical areas. In Iran GC is the most common cancer in males and it is reported to be the third most prevalent after breast and colorectal in females. A geographical information system (GIS) allows investigation of the geographical distribution of diseases. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between gastric cancer and effective climatic factors using GIS. The dispersion distribution and the relationship between environmental factors effective on cancer were measured using Arc GIS. Of all cases, 672 (73.8%) were in males with a sex ratio of 3 to1. The highest incidence by cities was seen in Namin with 137.5 per 100,000. The results of this study showed that the distribution of GC around the Sabalan volcanic mountain was significantly higher than other places in the same province. These results can be considered as a window to future comprehensive research on gastric cancer.


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