- Volume 16 Issue 15
DOI QR Code
Breast Cancer in Surat Thani, a Province in Southern Thailand: Analysis of 2004-2012 Incidence and Future Trends
- Tassanasunthornwong, Sukit (Surat Thani Cancer Hospital) ;
- Chansaard, Wasan (Surat Thani Cancer Hospital) ;
- Sriplung, Hutcha (Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University) ;
- Bilheem, Surichai (Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University)
- Published : 2015.10.06
Background: With the recent epidemiologic transition in Thailand, featuring decreasing incidences of infectious diseases along with increasing rates of chronic conditions, cancer is becoming a serious problem for the country. Breast cancer has the highest incidence rates among females, not only in the southern regions, but throughout Thailand. Surat Thani is a province in the upper part of Southern Thailand. A study was needed to identify the current burden, and the future trends of breast cancer. Materials and Methods: Here we used cancer incidence data from the Surat Thani Cancer Registry to characterize the incidences of breast cancer. Joinpoint analysis was used to investigate the incidences in the province from 2004 to 2012 and to project future trends from 2013 to 2030. Results: Age-standardized incidence rates (world) of breast cancer in the upper parts of Southern Thailand increased from 35.1 to 59.2 cases per 100,000 female population, which is equivalent to an annual percentage change of 4.5-4.8%. Linear drift effects played a role in shaping the increase of incidence. Joinpoint projection suggested that incidence rates would continue to increase in the future with incidence for women aged 50 and above, at a higher rate than for women below the age of 50. Conclusions: The current early detection measures increase detection rates of early disease. Preparation of a budget for treatment facilities and human resources, both in surgical and medical oncology, is essential.
Supported by : Songkla University
- Althuis MD (2005). Global trends in breast cancer incidence and mortality 1973-1997. Int J Epidemiol, 34, 405-412. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyh414
- Anderson DE (1974). Genetic study of breast cancer: identification of a high risk group. Cancer, 34, 1090-7. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(197410)34:4<1090::AID-CNCR2820340419>3.0.CO;2-J
- Carstensen B (2012). Statistical Analysis in the Lexis Diagram: Age-Period-Cohort Models.
- Carstensen B, Plummer M, Laara E, Hills M (2013). Epi: a package for statistical analysis in epidemiology, R package version 1.1.49, CRAN.
- CI5I-X (n.d.). from http://ci5.iarc.fr/CI5I-X/old/table4.asp?registry=8402499&female=2&volume=1020032007&submit=Execute (accessed 5.8.15b).
- Cui X, Dai Q, Tseng M, et al (2007). Dietary Patterns and Breast Cancer Risk in the Shanghai Breast Cancer Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prev, 16, 1443-8. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-07-0059
- Deerassamee S, Martin N, Sontipong S, et al (1999). Cancer in Thailand vol. II, 1992-1994, IARC Technical Report No. 34, IARC Technical Report, Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer.
- De Waard F, Baanders-Vanhalewijn EA, Huizinga J (1964). The bimodal age distribution of patients with mammary carcinoma; Evidence for the existence of 2 types of human breast cancer. Cancer. 17, 141-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(196402)17:2<141::AID-CNCR2820170202>3.0.CO;2-Z
- Doll R (1976). Comparison between Registries. Age-Standardized Rates, in: Waterhouse JAH, Muir CS, Correa P, Powell J (eds.), Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, Vol. III (IARC Scientific Publications No. 15), Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, pp. 453-459.
- Fan L, Zheng Y, Yu K-D, et al (2009). Breast cancer in a transitional society over 18 years: trends and present status in Shanghai, China. Breast Cancer Res Treat, 117, 409-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-008-0303-z
- Globocan 2012 - Home (n.d.). from http://globocan.iarc.fr/Default.aspx (accessed 4.8.15).
- Henderson KD, Bernstein L, Henderson B, Kolonel L, Pike MC (2008). Predictors of the timing of natural menopause in the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Am J Epidemiol, 167, 1287-94. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwn046
- National Cancer Institute (2013). Joinpoint regression program, version 4.0.4, statistical methodology and applications branch. Surveillance Research Program, National Cancer Institute.
- Khuhaprema T, Attasara P, Sriplung H, Wiangnon S, Sangrajrang S (2013). Cancer in Thailand. Vol VII, 2007-2009, Bangkok, Thailand: National Cancer Institute.
- Khuhaprema T, Attasara P, Sriplung H, et al (2012). Cancer in Thailand. Vol VI, 2004-2006, Bangkok, Thailand: National Cancer Institute.
- Khuhaprema T, Srivatanakul P, Attasara P, et al (2010). Cancer in Thailand. Vol V, 2001-2003, Bangkok, Thailand: National Cancer Institute.
- Khuhaprema T, Srivatanakul P, Sriplung H, et al (2007). Cancer in Thailand. Vol IV, 1998-2000, Bangkok, Thailand: Bangkok Medical Publisher.
- Kim HJ, Fay MP, Feuer EJ, Midthune DN (2000). Permutation tests for joinpoint regression with applications to cancer rates. Stat Med, 19, 335-351. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0258(20000215)19:3<335::AID-SIM336>3.0.CO;2-Z
- Kruk J (2007). Association of lifestyle and other risk factors with breast cancer according to menopausal status: a case-control study in the Region of Western Pomerania (Poland). Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 8, 513-24.
- Lauby-Secretan B, Scoccianti C, Loomis D, et al (2015). Breastcancer screening--viewpoint of the IARC Working Group. N Engl J Med, 372, 2353-8. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsr1504363
- Layde PM, Webster LA, Baughman AL, et al (1989). The independent associations of parity, age at first full term pregnancy, and duration of breastfeeding with the risk of breast cancer. J Clin Epidemiol, 42, 963-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/0895-4356(89)90161-3
- National Statistical Office (2012). 2010 Population and Housing Census, Bangkok, Thailand: National Statistical Office.
- National Statistical Office (2011). Population census, 2010, surat thani, bangkok, thailand: national statistical office.
- National Statistical Office (2005). Thailand population survey, Bangkok, Thailand: national statistical office.
- National Statistical Office (2002). 2000 Population and housing census, bangkok, thailand: national statistical office.
- National Statistical Office (1992). Advance report: 1990 population and housing census, Bangkok, Thailand: national statistical office.
- Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (2013). Population projections for Thailand 2010-2040, Bangkok, Thailand: office of the national economic and social development board.
- R Core Team (2014). R: a language and environment for statistical computing, vienna, austria: r foundation for statistical computing.
- Segi M (1960). Cancer mortality for selected sites in 24 countries (1950-57), department of public health, tohoku university of medicine, sendai, Japan.
- Shin H-R, Joubert C, Boniol M, et al (2010). Recent trends and patterns in breast cancer incidence among Eastern and Southeastern Asian women. Cancer Causes Control, 21, 1777-85. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-010-9604-8
- Sriplung H, Sontipong S, Martin N, et al (2003). Cancer in Thailand. Vol III, 1995-1997. Bangkok, Thailand: Bangkok Medical Publisher.
- Sriplung H, Wiangnon S, Sontipong S, Sumitsawan Y, Martin N (2006). Cancer incidence trends in Thailand, 1989-2000. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 7, 239-244.
- Surat Thani Province - Wikipedia (n.d.). from http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Surat_Thani_Province (accessed 4.9.15).
- Thomas F, Renaud F, Benefice E, de Meeus T, Guegan JF (2001). International variability of ages at menarche and menopause: patterns and main determinants. Hum Biol, 73, 271-90. https://doi.org/10.1353/hub.2001.0029
- Vatanasapt V, Martin N, Sriplung H, et al (1995). Cancer incidence in Thailand, 1988-1991. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prev, 4, 475-83.
- Virani S, Sriplung H, Rozek LS, Meza R (2014). Escalating burden of breast cancer in southern Thailand: analysis of 1990-2010 incidence and prediction of future trends. Cancer Epidemiol, 38, 235-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2014.03.003
- National and Subnational Population-Based Incidence of Cancer in Thailand: Assessing Cancers with the Highest Burdens vol.9, pp.8, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers9080108
- Cancer incidence in northern Thailand: Results from six population-based cancer registries 1993-2012 vol.142, pp.9, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.31203
- Effect of the national screening program on malignancy status of cervical cancer in Northern Thailand vol.63, pp.3, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1077-7
- Systematic review of the use of big data to improve surgery in low- and middle-income countries vol.106, pp.2, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11052