A Study of People's Consciousness for Efficient Management of Nonpoint Pollution Source

비점오염원의 효율적 관리를 위한 국민의식연구

  • Received : 2015.09.21
  • Accepted : 2015.10.20
  • Published : 2015.10.30


This study was intended to investigate recognition of the general public on water pollution and nonpoint pollution, and to promote participation of the common people in prevention and management of nonpoint pollution by investigating the necessity and participation in the education for reducing the nonpoint pollution. To this end, this study conducted questionnaire on 1,000 male and female adults over 20 years of age nationwide who are registered in Onpanel. The questionnaire was comprised of recognition on water pollution, preventive activity for nonpoint pollution, countermeasures for preventing nonpoint pollution, necessity of national education for reducing the nonpoint pollution, recognition of promotion and campaign participation, and revitalization of organization for reducing the nonpoint pollution. As a result of the questionnaire investigation, interest in water pollution of respondents was high, and specially, interest in the nonpoint pollution was higher when age, academic level, and income were higher that effectiveness of promotion and education on the source of nonpoint pollution is expected to be increased. Respondents recognized the effect of education on reducing the nonpoint pollution positively when they had higher interest, information, education and experience related to the reduction activity of nonpoint pollution. Therefore, formation of sympathy of the public is positively necessary for the nonpoint pollution management, and provision of civil activity program that increases information on the nonpoint pollution, education, and participation in reduction activity and easy promotion with high information communicability should be conducted continuously.


  1. Choi, S.W. and Y. An. and H.I. Kim (2006) Evaluation of water purification in the constructed wetland, Korean Society on Water Environment and Korea Society fo Water and Wastewater 2006 Conference Proceedings, pp349-356. (in Korean with English abstract)
  2. Gang,D.H (2015) Analysis of the Reduction effect of the Runoff and Non-point Pollution Source by Multi-Function Filter Box, Master's Thesis, Univ. of Seoul, Korea. (in Korean with English abstract)
  3. Hwang,S.Y (2008) Runoff Characteristics Analysis of Nonpoint Pollution Sources in Small Urban during First Rainfall using Urbanization Runoff Model (XP-SWMM), Master's Thesis, Seoul National Univ. of Science and Technology. (in Korean with English abstract)
  4. Kang,H.C (2013)Effect of Awareness on the Change of Polluting Emission: Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis, Environmental and Resource Econmics Review, 22(3), pp437-457. (in Korean with English abstract)
  5. Keum,H.J (2012) Media Use and Environmental Activism : The Mediating Processes of Cognitive and Emotional Variables, Korean Journal of Journalism & Communication Studies 56(4), pp5-28. (in Korean with English abstract)
  6. Kim,H.S (2013) Runoff Characteristics of Sediments in Construction Area and Treatment of Non-Point Source Pollution Using Detention Pond and Filtration Processes, Korea. Ph. D. Univ. of Kookmin, Korea. (in Korean with English abstract)
  7. Lee,M.U (2009) Discharge Characteristics of Non-point Pollutant Source, Master's Thesis, Univ. of Hanseo, Korea. (in Korean with English abstract)
  8. Lee,E.J (2011) Unconstrained optimization of watershed nonpoint source pollution control and management practices using SWAT, Korea. Ph. D. Seoul National Univ. of Seoul, Korea. (in Korean with English abstract)
  9. Lee,H.J (2010) A Study on the Runoff Characteristics of Non-Point Source Pollution with Resources of Livestock Compost : A case of Cow Manure, Master's Thesis, Univ. of Hanseo, Korea. (in Korean with English abstract)
  10. Ministry of Environment (2012) Nonpoint pollution source management II. pp9-16. (in Korean)
  11. Ministry of Environment (2014) White Paper of environment, pp160-168. (in Korean)
  12. National Institute of Environmental Research. (2012) Total volume of water pollution management technical specifications. (in Korean)
  13. Schmacher, I (2009) The Dynamics of Environmentalism and the Environment, Ecologicl Economics, 68911), pp147-162.
  14. Yeo,G.I (2012) Comparative Analysis for the Discharge load of Non-Point Source in the Urban and Rural Area, Master's Thesis, Univ. of Chungju, Korea. (in Korean with English abstract)