DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Prediction and Measurement of Autoignition Temperature of Toluene and 2-Butanol System

톨루엔과 2-부탄올 계의 최소자연발화온도의 측정 및 예측

  • Ha, Dong-Myeong (Department of Occupational Health and Safety Engineering, Semyung University)
  • 하동명 (세명대학교 보건안전공학과)
  • Received : 2015.03.16
  • Accepted : 2015.08.11
  • Published : 2015.08.31

Abstract

The autoignition temperatures(AIT) of solvent mixture is important index for the safe handling of flammable liquids which constitute the solvent mixtures. Therefore, the AITs of common pure chemical substances are widely reported, but very limited data are available for mixtures. This study, the toluene and 2-butnaol system which used mixture solution solvent was measured the AIT and ignition delay time by using ASTM E659 apparatus. The AITs of toluene and 2-butanol constituted binary system were $547^{\circ}C$ and $400^{\circ}C$, respectively. The experimental AIT of toluene and 2-butanol were a good agreement with the calculated AIT by the proposed equations with a few average absolute deviation(A.A.D.).

References

  1. D. A. Crowl and J.F. Louvar, "Chemical Process Safety Fundamentals with Application", 2nd ed., Pearson Education Inc., 2002.
  2. M. G. Zabetakis, A. L. Furno and G. W. Jones, "Minimum Spontaneous Ignition Temperature of Combustibles in Air", Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 10, pp.2173-2178, 1954. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50538a047
  3. C. F. Cullis. and C. D. Foster, "Studies of the Spontaneous Ignition in the Air of Binary Hydrocarbon Mixtures", Combustion and Flame, Vol. 23, pp. 347-356, 1974. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-2180(74)90117-5
  4. D. M. Ha, "Measurement of Autoignition Temperature of Propionic acid and 3-Hexanone System", Fire Science and Engineering, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 44-49, 2014. https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2014.28.4.044
  5. I. Goldfrab and A. Zinoviev, "A Study of Delay Spontaneous Insulation Fires", Physics Letter, A 311, pp. 491-500, 2003.
  6. D. M. Ha, "Prediction of Autoignition Temperature of n-Propanol and n-Octane Mixture", Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 21-27, 2013. https://doi.org/10.7842/kigas.2013.17.2.21
  7. G. E. P. Box and N.R. Draper, "Empirical Model-Building and Response Surface", John-Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1987.
  8. D. M. Ha, "The Measurement of Fire and Explosion Properties of n-Pentadecane", J. of the Korean Society of Safety, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 53-57, 2013. https://doi.org/10.14346/JKOSOS.2013.28.4.053
  9. N. N. Semenov, "Some Problems in Chemical Kinetics and Reactivity, Vol. 2", Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1959.
  10. D. M. Ha, "Prediction of Autoignition Temperature of n-Propanol and n-Octane Mixture", Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 21-27, 2013. https://doi.org/10.7842/kigas.2013.17.2.21
  11. NFPA, "Fire Hazard Properties of Flammable Liquid, Gases, and Volatile Solids", NFPA 325M, NFPA, 1991.
  12. A. M. Kanury, "SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering : Ignition of Liquid Fuels", 2nd ed., SFPE, 1995.
  13. C. J. Hilado and S. W. Clark, "Autoignition Temperature of Organic Chemicals", Chemical Engineering, Vol. 4, pp.75-80, 1972.
  14. R. E. Lenga and K. L. Votoupal, "The Sigma Aldrich Library of Regulatory and Safety Data, Volume I-III", Sigma Chemical Company and Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1993.
  15. J. L. Jackson, "Spontaneous Ignition Temperature - Commercial Fluids and Pure Hydrocarbons-", Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 43, No. 12, pp.2869-2870, 1951. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50504a058
  16. D. Swarts and M. Orchin, "Spontaneous Ignition Temperature of Hydrocarbons", Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 49, No. 3, pp. 432-436, 1957. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie51392a042
  17. S. Yagyu, "Systematization of Spontaneous Ignition Temperatures of Organic Compounds(1st Report)", Research Report of the Research, Institute of Industrial Safety, RR-26-5, Japan, 1978.