이종재료 Self-Piercing Rivets 접합부의 인장-전단 피로강도

Tensile-Shear Fatigue Strength of Self-Piercing Rivets Joining Dissimilar Metal Sheets

  • 강세형 (서울과학기술대학교 자동차공학과 대학원) ;
  • 김택영 (서울과학기술대학교 자동차공학과 대학원) ;
  • 오만진 (서울과학기술대학교 NID 융합대학원) ;
  • 김호경 (서울과학기술대학교 기계.자동차공학과)
  • Kang, Se Hyung (Dept. of Automotive Engineering, Graduate School, Seoul National University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Kim, Taek Young (Dept. of Automotive Engineering, Graduate School, Seoul National University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Oh, Man Jin (Graduate School of NID Fusion Technology, Seoul National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Kim, Ho Kyung (Dept. of Mechanical & Automotive Eng. Seoul National University of Science & Technology)
  • 투고 : 2014.12.16
  • 심사 : 2015.05.19
  • 발행 : 2015.08.31


Self-piercing riveting (SPR) process is gaining popularity due to its many advantages. The SPR does not require a pre-drilled hole and has capability to join a wide range of similar or dissimilar materials and combinations of materials. This study investigated the fatigue strength of self-piercing rivet joint with aluminum alloy (Al-5052) and steel (SPCC) sheets. Static and fatigue tests on tensile-shear specimens were conducted. From the static strength aspect, the optimal punching force for the specimen with upper SPCC (U.S) sheet and lower aluminum alloy(L.A) sheets was 34 kN. During static test the specimens fractured in pull-out fracture mode due to influence of plastic deformation of joining area. There was a relationship between applied load amplitude $P_{amp}$ and number of cycles N ; $P_{amp}=19588N_f^{-0.211}$ and $P_{amp}=4885N_f^{-0.083}$ for U.S-L.A and U.A-L.S specimens, respectively. U.A-L.S fatigue specimens failed due to fretting crack initiation around the rivet neck between upper and lower sheets.


연구 과제 주관 기관 : 서울과학기술대학교


  1. I. M. Park and N. J. Kim, "Developments in Metal Matrix for Automotive Parts", The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 23-31, 1994.
  2. C. Westerberg, "Finite Element Simulation of Crash Testing of Self-Piercing Rivet Joints, Peel Specimen", Master's Thesis, LUND University, Sweden, pp. 7-11, 2002.
  3. X. Sun and M. A. Khaleel, "Performance Optimization of Self- Piercing Rivets through Analytical Rivet Strength Estimation", J. of Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 83-93, 2005.
  4. D. Li, L. Han, M. Thornton, M. Shergold and G. Williams, "The Influence of Fatigue on the Stiffness and Remaining Static Strength of Self-piercing Riveted Aluminium Joints", Materials and Design, Vol. 54 pp. 301-314, 2014.
  5. X. He, L. Zhao, C. Deng, B. Xing, F. Gu and A. Ball, "Self-piercing Riveting of Similar and Dissimilar Metal Sheets of Aluminum Alloy and Copper Alloy", Materials and Design, Vol. 65, pp. 923-933, 2015.
  6. D. Li, L. Han, M. Thornton and M. Shergold, "Influence of Rivet to Sheet Edge Distance on Fatigue Strength of Selfpiercing Riveted Aluminium Joints", Materials Science and Eng. A, Vol. 558, pp. 242-252, 2012.
  7. Y. Miyashita, Y.C.J. Teow, T. Karasawa, N. Aoyagi, Y. Otsuka and Y. Mutoh, "Strength of Adhesive Aided SPR Joint for AM50 Magnesium Alloy Sheets", Procedia Engineering, Vol. 10, pp. 2532-2537, 2011.
  8. K. Iyer, S.J. Hu, F.L. Brittman, P.C. Wang, D.B. Hayden and S.P. Marin, "Fatigue of Single- and Double-rivet Self-piercing Riveted Lap Joints", Fatigue Fract. Engng. Mater. Struct. Vol. 28, pp. 997-1007, 2005.
  9. M.S. Lee, T.Y. Kim, S.H, Kang, and H.K. Kim, "Fatigue Strength of Al-5052 Tensile-Shear Specimens using a SPR Joining Method", J. of the Korean Society of Safety, Vol. 29 pp. 9-14, 2014.
  10. X. Sun, E.V. Stephens and M.A. Khaleel, "Fatigue Behaviors of Self-piercing Rivets Joining Similar and Dissimilar Sheet Metals", Int. J. of Fatigue, Vol. 29, pp. 370-386, 2007.