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Influence of Houttuynia Cordata Powder on The Growth Performance of Ducks and The Impact of AlCl3 Treatment on Ammonia flux in Duck Litter

  • Chung, Tae-Ho (Department of Companion Animal & Animal Resources Science, Joongbu University) ;
  • Choi, In-Hag (Department of Companion Animal & Animal Resources Science, Joongbu University)
  • Received : 2015.09.20
  • Accepted : 2015.10.15
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

The effects of Houttuynia cordata powder on the growth performance of ducks were investigated. Ninety ducks were assigned into one of three dietary treatments as a completely randomized design for 6 weeks: feeds supplemented with 1% or 2% H. cordata and a control group. No significant difference was observed in feed conversion among the three groups (p > 0.05), but addition of H. cordata had a significantly positive effect (p < 0.05) on initial and final body weight, weight gain, and feed intake of the ducks. Furthermore, the effects of chemical treatment (comprising 50 g and 100 g aluminum chloride [$AlCl_3$] per kilogram litter) on the ammonia ($NH_3$) flux in duck litters were also investigated. Duck litter was treated with $AlCl_3$ at a depth of 8 cm by top-dressing; this resulted in a significant difference on $NH_3$ flux (p < 0.05) during the experimental period (but not at 2 weeks). $NH_3$ flux at 6 weeks were reduced by 25.4% and 37.5% by treatment with 1% and 2% H. cordata, respectively, compared with the control groups. In conclusion, enriching the diets of the ducks with 2% H. cordata and adding 100 g $AlCl_3$ to their litter has beneficial effects on increasing their growth performance and reducing $NH_3$ flux in their environment.

Keywords

Houttuynia cordata powder;Aluminum chloride;Growth performance;Ammonia;Duck litter

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Joongbu University

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