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Comparison of Proximate Components, Free Sugar, Vitamin C and Minerals of 16 Kinds of Honey produced in Korea with Manuka Honey

국내산 16종 벌꿀의 일반성분, 유리당, 비타민 C 및 무기질 분석 - 뉴질랜드 마누카꿀과의 비교 -

  • Paik, Weon-Ki (Division of Life Science & Chemistry, Daejin University) ;
  • Kwak, Ae-Kyung (Division of Life Science & Chemistry, Daejin University) ;
  • Lee, Myeong-Lyeol (Dept. of Agricultural Biology, Rural Development Administration, National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Choi, Yong-Soo (Dept. of Agricultural Biology, Rural Development Administration, National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Kim, Hye-Kyung (Dept. of Agricultural Biology, Rural Development Administration, National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Choi, Kyungsuk (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Daejin University)
  • 백원기 (대진대학교 생명화학부) ;
  • 곽애경 (대진대학교 생명화학부) ;
  • 이명렬 (농촌진흥원 국립농업과학원 잠사양봉소재과) ;
  • 최용수 (농촌진흥원 국립농업과학원 잠사양봉소재과) ;
  • 김혜경 (농촌진흥원 국립농업과학원 잠사양봉소재과) ;
  • 최경숙 (대진대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2015.08.28
  • Accepted : 2015.10.12
  • Published : 2015.10.30

Abstract

To confirm basic nutrient contents of Korean honey as a food material, we assessed New Zealand Manuka honey by measuring proximate components, vitamin C and minerals of 16 kinds of honey harvested in South Korea. The proximate composition of each honey sample was as follows: moisture content 18.45~29.84%, crude protein 0.10~0.95% (vs Manuka honey 0.23%), crude fat 0.02~0.60% (vs Manuka honey 0.34%), crude ash 0.01~.52% (vs Manuka honey 0.24%) and carbohydrate 67.90~80.94% (vs Manuka honey 79.39%), respectively. In the case of free sugars analyze by HPLC, fructose showed a content of 26.12~49.84% which was highest in acacia honey and lowest in sorbus honey. Content of glucose was 19.38~36.12% and lowest in chestnut honey, whereas sucrose, lactose, maltose were absent. Total sugar contents were 64.16% which was less than Manuka honey (70.23%) and vitamin C was not detected in all samples. Minerals were detected 15~25 kinds, including K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mo and so on. Ca was high in order of linden > canola > codonopsis > hedysarum honey, and K was higher than in Manuka honey in order of chestnut > hedysarum > codonopsis > jujube honey. Especially, these results suggest that Korean honey have a better nutrient content profile than Manuka honey.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원

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