DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

3차원 모델링을 활용한 북한 무산광산일대의 자원량 및 생산량 추정

3D Modeling Approaches in Estimation of Resource and Production of Musan Iron Mine, North Korea

  • 배성지 (충남대학교 우주.지질학과) ;
  • 유재형 (충남대학교 지질환경과학과) ;
  • 고상모 (한국지질자원연구원 광물자원연구본부) ;
  • 허철호 (한국지질자원연구원 광물자원연구본부)
  • Bae, Sungji (Department of Astronomy, Space Science, & Geology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Yu, Jaehyung (Department of Geology and Earth Environmental Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Koh, Sang-Mo (Mineral Resources Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources) ;
  • Heo, Chul-Ho (Mineral Resources Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources)
  • 투고 : 2015.07.18
  • 심사 : 2015.09.23
  • 발행 : 2015.10.28

초록

남한은 철강의 수요나 생산에 비해 그 원료가 되는 철광석의 생산이 미약한 반면, 북한은 상당한 철 매장량을 보유하고 있으나 자원량에 비해 생산량이 극히 미진하다. 또한 북한의 폐쇄성으로 인해 북한의 자원에 대한 정보가 미비하고, 그 신뢰성에 의문이 있다. 본 연구는 북한의 철광산 중 세계적인 노천광산으로 알려진 무산광산을 대상으로, Landsat MSS, ASTER 위성영상자료와 수치지형도를 통해 1976~2007년 사이의 자원량과 생산량을 추정하였다. 원격탐사를 통해 산정한 무산광산의 넓이는 1976년을 기준으로 총 약 $6.1km^2$의 면적이 증가하였으며, 광산 내 채광지의 크기는 지도대수기법을 통해 $4.9km^2$로 산정되었다. 또한, 산정된 채광지 내 약 3.2억 $m^3$의 체적을 3차원 모델링을 이용하여 산출한 후, 무산광산과 동일한 암상으로 간주되는 중국 안산층의 철광석 평균밀도와 연산하여 약 7.3억 톤의 자원량과 약 2.4억 톤의 생산량을 추정하였다. 이 수치는 연 평균 810만 톤 수준의 생산량으로, 기존에 보고된 수치와 비교하였을 때, 상당한 일치성을 보였다. 본 연구는 남북자원교류사업을 위한 기초자료로써 유용하게 이용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

참고문헌

  1. Chi et al. (2012) Evaluation of development possibility for the security of industrial mineral resources (Cu, Pb, Zn, Au etc.) on the domestic mines. KIGAM Research Report, GP2010-024-2012(3).
  2. Cho, B.W., Lee, Y.W. and Choi, S.Y. (1997) A study on the Map Accuracy Assessment of Positioning Data Using Statistical Approach Analysis, Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, v.5, n.1, p.71-80.
  3. Eo, Y.D., Song, H.S., Lee, Y.W., Park, C.G. and Hwang, M.K. (2007) Analysis of Positioning Result in Detection System Based on Digital Terrain Elevation Data. Journal of The Korean Cadastre Information Association. v.9, n.2, p.13-19
  4. Fan, Z., Huang, X., Tan, L., Yang, X., Zhang, H., Zhou, D., Liu, Q. and Cao, B (2014) A study of iron deposits in the Anshan area, China based on interactive inversion technique of gravity and magnetic anomalies. Journal of Ore Geology Reviews, v.57, p.618-627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2013.09.017
  5. Fujisada, H.F. (1995) Design and performance of ASTER instrument, in Proceedings of SPIE. Journal of International Society Optical Engineering, v.2583, p.16-25.
  6. Geol. Soc. Korea (1999) Geology of Korea, Sigma Press, Seoul, 802p.
  7. Gwon, H.H. and Nam, G.S. (2007) Engineering of Mining Hazard Prevention and Reclamation, DongHwa Technology Publishing, Paju, 327p.
  8. Han, S.H and Han J.H (1997) Recent North Korean topographic map (1:50000), Kyungin publishing, Seoul, 400p.
  9. Hartman, H.L. and Mutmansky, J,M (2010) Introductory Mining Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 571p.
  10. Helder, D. L., Karki, S., Bhatt, R., Micijevic, E., Aaron, D., and Jasinski, B. (2012). Radiometric calibration of the Landsat MSS sensor series. Journal of IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v.50, n.6, p.2380-2399. https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2011.2171351
  11. Hong, S.Y., Rim, S.K., Lee, S.H., Lee, J.C. and Kim, Y.H. (2008) Spatial Anaylsis of Agro-Environment of North Korea Using Remote Sensing - I. Landcover Classification from Landsat TM imagery and Topography Analysis in North Korea, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, v.27, n.2, p.120-132. https://doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2008.27.2.120
  12. KIGAM (2014) Korea Mineral Information, KIGAM, Online publishing, 70p.
  13. Kim, B.M., Lim, K.C. and Lee, J.J. (1992) The possibility of the two Koreas, the scientific technology exchanges and cooperative measures, Policy research 92-03, p.1-115.
  14. Kim, K.H. (2002) "Reserves 5.2 billion ton(Fe24%) of World-class open-pit mine": Clough Engineering Ltd and Mitsui Mineral Development Engineering Co. Ltd make a report together , A publication of Minjog21, Serial Number 10(2002. 01), p.108-113.
  15. Kim, K.L., Chun, H.W. and Hyun, M.H. (2001) A study on 3D-Transformation of Krazovsky Coordinate System, Korean Journal of Geomatics, v.19, n.2, p.117-123.
  16. Kim, Y.Y. (2005) The implementation plan and structure to develop the North Korean mineral resources. A series of academic conferences of KINU, p.67-137.
  17. Koh, S.M., Lee, G.J. and Edward Y. (2013) Status of Mineral Resources and Mining Development in North Korea, Journal of Econ. Environ Geol, v.46, n.4, p.291-300. https://doi.org/10.9719/EEG.2013.46.4.291
  18. Koh, S.M et al. (2015) DB construction of mineral resources and analysis of mineralized areas in North Korea. KIGAM research report JP2014-001 -2015(1), 370p.
  19. Kwak, J.Y. and Choi, J.B. (2013) 3D Modeling and resource estimation of the Archean greenstone belt gold deposits in Australia by using GOCAD S/W, Proceedings of the Annual joint Conference 2013, the Mineralogical Society of Korea and the Petrological Society of Korea, p.3-5.
  20. Kwak, J.Y., Choi, J.B. and Cho, H.G. (2013) 3D Modeling For Resources Estimation of Ilmenite Deposits in Jikjeon-Ri, Hadong Korea, Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea, v.26, n.4, p.285-297. https://doi.org/10.9727/jmsk.2013.26.4.285
  21. Lee, I.J., Lee, Y.W. and Suh, Y.C. (2010) Development of a Web-based System for Raster Data Analysis Using Map Algebra, Journal of The Korean Society GeoSpatial Information System, v.18, n.4, p.131-139.
  22. Nam, S.Y (2014) Development of iron ore from North Korea and Inter-Korean Cooperation, The Korean Journal of Unification Affairs, v.26, n.2, p.75-113.
  23. NGII (2014) The maps of North Korea, NGII, On-line publishing, 625p.
  24. Nioti, F., Dimopoulos, P., and Koutsias, N. (2011). Correcting the Fire Scar Perimeter of a 1983 Wildfire Using USGS-Archived Landsat Satellite Data. Article of GIScience & Remote Sensing, v.48, n.4, p.600-613. https://doi.org/10.2747/1548-1603.48.4.600
  25. Park, J.W. and Lee, J.S. (2014) Stand Volume Estimation of Pinus Koraiensis Using Landsat TM and Forest Inventory, Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, n.17, v.1, p.80-90. https://doi.org/10.11108/kagis.2014.17.1.080
  26. Sakong, H.S. and Park, J.H. (2005) Assembling Geographic Information with SPOT-5 Satellite Imagery : A Case Study on North Korea, Journal of The Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, v.8, n.4, p.134-142.
  27. SONOSA (2011) The North Korea mineral resources. 218p.
  28. The Earth Environment Information of North Korea (1988) Chosun Geographical Encyclopedia, Educational publishing company, Pyongyang, 667p.
  29. USGS (1999) The Mineral Industry of North Korea.
  30. Wang, E. D., Xia, J. M., Fu, J. F., Jia, S. S., and Men, Y. K. (2014), Formation mechanism of Gongchangling highgrade magnetite deposit hosted in Archean BIF, Anshan- Benxi area, Northeastern China. Journal of Ore Geology Reviews, v.57, p.308-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2013.09.013
  31. WORLDSTEEL (2015) World steel in figures. World Steel Association, Belgium, 30p.
  32. Yoon, E. (2011). Status and Future of the North Korean Minerals Sector. University of San Francisco Centre for the Pacific Rim, 43p.
  33. Zhai, M., Guo, J., Li, Z., Chen, D., Peng, P., Li, T., Hou, Q. and Fan, Q. (2007) Linking the Sulu UHP belt to the Korean Peninsula: evidence from eclogite, Precambrian basement, and Paleozoic sedimentary basins. Journal of Gondwana Research, v.12, n.4, p.388-403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2007.02.003