- Volume 28 Issue 11
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Effect of Suckling Systems on Serum Oxytocin and Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior to a Novel Object in Beef Calves
- Chen, Siyu ;
- Tanaka, Shigefumi ;
- Ogura, Shin-ichiro ;
- Roh, Sanggun ;
- Sato, Shusuke
- Received : 2015.04.17
- Accepted : 2015.06.03
- Published : 2015.11.01
We investigated differences between effects of natural- and bucket-suckling methods on basal serum oxytocin (OT) and cortisol concentrations, and the effect of OT concentration on affiliative and investigative behavior of calves to a novel object. Ten Japanese Black calves, balanced with birth order, were allocated evenly to natural-suckling (NS) and bucket suckling (BS) groups. Blood samples were collected at the ages of 1 and 2 months (1 week after weaning) calves, and serum OT and cortisol concentrations were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and enzymeimmunoassay tests, respectively. Each calf at the age of 2 months (2 weeks after weaning) was released into an open-field with a calf decoy, and its investigative and affiliative behaviors were recorded for 20 minutes. In 1-month-old calves, the basal serum OT concentration (
Oxytocin;Cortisol;Natural Suckling;Investigative Behavior;Calf;Stress
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