DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of Yerba Mate (Ilex Paraguariensis) Supplementation on Nutrient Degradability in Dairy Cows: An In sacco and In vitro Study

  • Hartemink, Ellen (Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney) ;
  • Giorgio, Daniela (Scuola di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali, Alimentari ed Ambientali (SAFE), Universita degli Studi della Basilicata) ;
  • Kaur, Ravneet (Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney) ;
  • Di Trana, Adriana (Scuola di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali, Alimentari ed Ambientali (SAFE), Universita degli Studi della Basilicata) ;
  • Celi, Pietro (Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney)
  • Received : 2015.03.09
  • Accepted : 2015.05.28
  • Published : 2015.11.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Yerba Mate (YM) supplementation on nutrients' degradation, in vitro dry matter disappearance, gas production and rumen ammonia concentration. Three rumen-fistulated Holstein Friesian cows were used for the in situ incubations and provided rumen liquor for in vitro incubations. The inclusion of YM in a control diet (pasture+pellets) affected some in sacco degradation parameters. YM supplementation decreased the effective degradability and degradation rate of pasture crude protein (CP), and it seems to slow down the degradation of pasture neutral detergent fiber. A significant increase of degradation of pasture acid detergent fiber (ADF) was detected after YM inclusion in the control diet. YM supplementation reduced in vitro gas production of pasture and ammonia concentration of pellets. The addition of YM in ruminant diet could decrease ammonia production and increase protein availability for productive purposes. The moderate presence of tannins in YM could have affected the degradation kinetics of pasture CP and ADF and the ammonia production of pellets.

Keywords

Dairy Cows;Degradability;In vitro;In sacco;Yerba Mate;Tannins

Acknowledgement

Supported by : University of Sydney

References

  1. Terrill, T. H., A. M. Rowan, G. B. Douglas, and T. N. Barry. 1992. Determination of extractable and bound condensed tannin concentrations in forage plants, protein concentrate meals and cereal grains. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 58:321-329. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740580306
  2. Van Soest, P. J. 1963. Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds: 2. A rapid method for the determination of fiber and lignin. J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 46:825-835.
  3. van Soest, P. J. 1994. Nutritional ecology of the ruminant. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, USA.
  4. Waghorn, G. 1996. Condensed tannins and nutrient absorption from the small intestine. In: (Eds. Canadian Society of Animal Science, L. M. Rode, and Canadian Society of Animal Science) Animal science research and development: meeting future challenges. Lethbridge Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge, Alta, Canada. pp. 175-194.
  5. Wallace, R. J. 1996. Ruminal microbial metabolism of peptides and amino acids. J. Nutr. 126:1326s-1334s. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/126.suppl_4.1326S
  6. Wanapat, M., P. Kongmun, O. Poungchompu, A. Cherdthong, P. Khejornsart, R. Pilajun, and S. Kaenpakdee. 2012. Effects of plants containing secondary compounds and plant oils on rumen fermentation and ecology. Trop. Anim. Health. Prod. 44:399-405. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9949-3
  7. Wang, Y., G. C. Waghorn, T. N. Barry, and I. D. Shelton. 1994. The effect of condensed tannins in Lotus corniculatus on plasma metabolism of methionine, cystine and inorganic sulphate by sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 72:923-925. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19940096
  8. Weatherburn, M. W. 1967. Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia. Anal. Chem. 39:971-974. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60252a045
  9. Webb, K. E. J. and E. N. Bergman. 1991. Amino acid and peptide absorption and transport across the intestine In: International Symposium on Ruminant Physiology (Eds. T. Tsuda, Y. Sasaki, and R. Kawashima) Physiological Aspects of Digestion and Metabolism in Ruminants: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Ruminant Physiology. Academic Press, San Diego, USA. pp. 111-128.
  10. McSweeney, C. S., B. Palmer, D. M. McNeill, and D. O. Krause. 2001. Microbial interactions with tannins: nutritional consequences for ruminants. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 91:83-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(01)00232-2
  11. Min, B. R., G. T. Attwood, K. Reilly, W. Sun, J. S. Peters, T. N. Barry, and W. C. McNabb. 2002. Lotus corniculatus condensed tannins decrease in vivo populations of proteolytic bacteria and affect nitrogen metabolism in the rumen of sheep. Can. J. Microbiol. 48:911-921. https://doi.org/10.1139/w02-087
  12. Monforte-Briceno, G. E., C. A. Sandoval-Castro, L. Ramirez-Aviles, and C. M. C. Leal. 2005. Defaunating capacity of tropical fodder trees: Effects of polyethylene glycol and its relationship to in vitro gas production. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 123:313-327.
  13. Orskov, E. R. 1982. Protein nutrition in ruminants. Academic Press, London, UK.
  14. Orskov, E. R. and I. McDonald. 1979. The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage. J. Agric. Sci. 92:499-503. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600063048
  15. Patra, A. K. and J. Saxena. 2011. Exploitation of dietary tannins to improve rumen metabolism and ruminant nutrition. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 91:24-37. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4152
  16. Po, E., K. Horsburgh, H. W. Raadsma, and P. Celi. 2012a. Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguarensis) as a novel feed supplement for growing lambs. Small. Rumin. Res. 106:131-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2012.05.016
  17. Po, E., Z. Xu, and P. Celi. 2012b. The Effect of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguarensis) supplementation on the productive performance of dorper ewes and their progeny. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 25:945-949. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2012.12031
  18. Poncet, C. and D. Remond. 2002. Rumen digestion and intestinal nutrient flows in sheep consuming pea seeds: The effect of extrusion or chestnut tannin addition. Anim. Res. 51:201-216. https://doi.org/10.1051/animres:2002021
  19. Pulina, G., G. Battacone, A. Mazzette, M. Acciaro, M. Decandia, M. Sitzia, and A. Nudda. 2010. The effects of hydrolyzable tannins on rumen fluid traits and production performances in dairy sheep fed on pasture. In: EAAP-Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition (Eds. G. M. Crovetto, Universita di Milano, and European Association for Animal Production) Parma, Italy, 6-10 September 2010. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands. pp. 339-340.
  20. Reis, P. J. 1979. Effects of amino acids on the growth and properties of wool. In: (Eds. J. L. Black and P. J. Reis) Physiological & Environmental Limitations to Wool Growth: Proceedings of a National Workshop, Leura, New South Wales, Australia, April 1978. University of New England Pub. Unit, Armidale, Australia. pp. 223-242.
  21. Roy, N. C., B. R. Sinclair, B. Treloar, W. C. McNabb, J. Peters, M. Tavendale, and A. Kirk. 2004. The effects of condensed tannins in sula (Hedysarum coronarium) on valine kinetics in the ovine mammary gland. Anim. Prod. Austr. 1:148-151.
  22. Systat Software Incorporated, 2004. SYSTAT 11 for Windows, Evanston, IL, USA.
  23. Barry, T. N. and T. R. Manley. 1986. Interrelationships between the concentrations of total condensed tannin, free condensed tannin and lignin in Lotus sp. and their possible consequences in ruminant nutrition. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 37:248-254. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740370309
  24. Bastos, D. H., L. A. Saldanha, R. R. Catharino, A. C. Sawaya, I. B. Cunha, P. O. Carvalho, and M. N. Eberlin. 2007. Phenolic antioxidants identified by ESI-MS from Yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis) and green tea (Camelia sinensis) extracts. Molecules 12:423-432. https://doi.org/10.3390/12030423
  25. Bonanno, A., A. Di Grigoli, D. Vargetto, G. Tornambe, G. Di Miceli, and D. Giambalvo. 2007a. Grazing sulla and/or ryegrass forage for 8 or 24 hours daily. Effects on ewes feeding behaviour. In: Permanent and temporary grassland: plant, environment and economy. Proceedings of the 14th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, 3-5 September 2007. pp. 208-211.
  26. Bonanno, A., A. Di Grigoli, L. Stringi, G. Di Miceli, D. Giambalvo, G. Tornambe, D. Vargetto, and M. L. Alicata. 2007b. Intake and milk production of goats grazing sulla forage under different stocking rates. Italian J. Anim. Sci. 6:605-607.
  27. Carulla, J. E., M. Kreuzer, A. Machmuller, and H. D. Hess. 2005. Supplementation of Acacia mearnsii tannins decreases methanogenesis and urinary nitrogen in forage-fed sheep. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 56:961-970. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR05022
  28. Celi, P. 2011. Oxidative stress in ruminants. In: (Eds. L. Mandelker and P. Vajdovich) Studies on veterinary medicine. Humana Press, New York, USA. pp. 191-231.
  29. Celi, P. and H. W. Raadsma. 2010. Effects of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) supplementation on the productive performance of dairy cows during mid-lactation. Anim. Prod. Sci. 50:339-344. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN09170
  30. Celi, P. and A. Robinson. 2010. Effects of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) supplementation on the performance of dairy calves. Anim. Prod. Sci. 50:376-381. https://doi.org/10.1071/AN09169
  31. Chen, S. B. 1995. Neway Excel: An Excel Application Program for Processing Feed Degradability data, Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK.
  32. Devendra, C. and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 1992. Non-conventional feed resources in Asia and the Pacific: Strategies for expanding utilisation at the small farm level. Regional Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bangkok.
  33. Dulphy, J. P., C. Demarquilly, R. Baumont, M. Jailler, L. L'Hotelier, and C. Dragomir. 1999. Study of modes of preparation of fresh and conserved forage samples for measurement of their dry matter and nitrogen degradations in the rumen. Ann. Zootech. 48:275-288. https://doi.org/10.1051/animres:19990404
  34. Australian Agricultural Council and S. Ruminants. 1990. Feeding standards for Australian livestock. Ruminants. Standing Committee on Agriculture Ruminants Subcommittee, East Melbourne, Australia
  35. Australian Fodder Industry Association Inc. 2009. AFIA-Laboratory Methods Manual. Australian Fodder Industry Association Inc., Victoria.
  36. Fedorah, P. M. and S. E. Hrudey. 1983. A simple apparatus for measuring gas production by methanogenic cultures in serum bottles. Environ. Technol. 4:425-432. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593338309384228
  37. Ferguson, J. D. 1996. Diet, production and reproduction in dairy cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 59:173-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)00898-5
  38. France, J. and J. Dijkstra. 2005. Volatile fatty acid production. In: (Eds. J. Dijkstra, J. M. Forbes, and J. France) Quantitative aspects of ruminant digestion and metabolism. CABI Pub., Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK. pp. 157-175.
  39. Fulkerson, W. J. and D. J. Donaghy. 2001. Plant-soluble carbohydrate reserves and senescence - key criteria for developing an effective grazing management system for ryegrass-based pastures: a review. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 41:261-275. https://doi.org/10.1071/EA00062
  40. Fulkerson, W. J., A. Horadagoda, J. S. Neal, I. Barchia, and K. S. Nandra. 2008. Nutritive value of forage species grown in the warm temperate climate of Australia for dairy cows: Herbs and grain crops. Livest. Sci. 114:75-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2007.04.013
  41. Gemeda, B. S. and A. Hassen. 2015. Effect of tannin and species variation on in vitro digestibility, gas, and methane production of tropical browse plants. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 28:188-199.
  42. Heck, C. I. and E. G. de Mejia. 2007. Yerba Mate Tea (Ilex paraguariensis): a comprehensive review on chemistry, health implications, and technological considerations. J. Food. Sci. 72:R138-151. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00535.x
  43. Hervas, G., P. Frutos, E. Serrano, A. Mantecon, and F. J. Giraldez. 2000. Effect of tannic acid on rumen degradation and intestinal digestion of treated soya bean meals in sheep.J. Agric. Sci. 135:305-310. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859699008151
  44. Kondo, M., M. Nakano, A. Kaneko, H. Agata, K. Kita, and H.-o. Yokota. 2004. Ensiled green tea waste as partial replacement for soybean meal and alfalfa hay in lactating cows. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 17:960-966. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.960
  45. Madsen, J. and T. Hvelplund. 1994. Prediction of in situ protein degradability in the rumen. Results of a European ringtest. Livest. Prod. Sci. 39:201-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(94)90185-6
  46. Makkar, H. P., G. Francis, and K. Becker. 2007. Bioactivity of phytochemicals in some lesser-known plants and their effects and potential applications in livestock and aquaculture production systems. Animal 1:1371-1391.
  47. Makkar, H. P. S., M. Blummel, and K. Becker. 1995. In vitro effects of and interactions between tannins and saponins and fate of tannins in the rumen. J. Sci. Food. Agric. 69:481-493. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740690413
  48. Mangan, J. L. 1982. The nitrogenous constituents of fresh forages. In: (Eds. D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. G. Gunn, British Society of Animal Production, and British Grassland Society) Forage protein in ruminant animal production: proceedings of a symposium organized jointly by the British Society of Animal Production and the British Grassland Society and held at the University of Leeds in September 1981. British Society of Animal, Production, Thames Ditton [Surrey]. pp. 25-40.

Cited by

  1. Dietary Supplementation of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) during the Dry Period Improves Redox Balance in Lactating Dairy Cows vol.8, pp.2, 2019, https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8020038