- Volume 24 Issue 5
DOI QR Code
Estimating Effects of Climate Change on Ski Industry - The Case of Ski Resorts in South Korea -
스키산업에 기후변화가 미치는 영향 분석 - 한국의 스키장을 사례로 -
- Kim, Song-Yi (Tourism Industry Research Division, Korea Culture & Tourism Institute) ;
- Park, Chan (Urban research division, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements) ;
- Park, Jin-Han (Interdisciplinary Program in Landscape Architecture, Seoul National University) ;
- Lee, Dong-Kun (Department of Landscape Architecture and Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University)
- Received : 2015.07.30
- Accepted : 2015.09.30
- Published : 2015.10.31
Ski industry is sensitive to climate change. Many studies were carried out to learn the impact on climate change to large scale ski resorts around the world and the results are difficult to be applied to small scale ski resorts in general. So, this study targeted small ski resorts composing the ski industry of Korea and forecasted the impact of climate change. As a result, based on the mitigation efforts to minimize climate changes of the future (RCP 4.5), ski industry could be maintained at the same level of today. However, if climate change continues at the current trend (RCP 8.5), ski resorts will face loss of business days. If 100 days are considered as the minimum days to maintain the ski business, among 17 ski resorts in Korea, 3 ski resorts will be driven out of business by 2030s, 12 more ski resorts by 2060s and remaining 2 ski resort by 2090s will end the business. It means that smaller ski resorts has higher chance of facing difficulties in running business just as large scale ski resorts. Therefore, to sustain the ski business, technical and managerial efforts to adapt to the changing environment is needed.
Climate Change;Tourism Vulnerability;Ski Industry;Adaptation;South Korea;RCP Scenario
- Bank M, Wiesner R. 2011. Determinants of weather derivatives usage in the Austrian winter tourism industry, Tourism Management, 32(1), 62-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2009.11.005
- Becken S, Wilson J. 2013. The impacts of weather on tourist travel, Tourism Geographies, 15(4), 620-639. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2012.762541
- Bicknell S, Mcmanus P. 2006. The canary in the coalmine: Australian ski resorts and their response to climate change, Geographical Research, 44(4), 386-400. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-5871.2006.00409.x
- Dawson J, Scott D. 2013. Managing for climate change in the alpine ski sector. Tourism Management, 35, 244-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2012.07.009
- Dawson J, Scott D, Mcboyle G. 2009. Climate change analogue analysis of ski tourism in the northeastern USA. Climate Research, 39, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00793
- Elsasser H, Burki R. 2002. Climate change as a threat to tourism in the Alps. Climate Research, 20, 253-257. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr020253
- Fukusima T, Kureha M, Ozaki N, Fujimori Y, Harasawa H. 2002. Influences of air temperature change on leisure industries: case study of ski activities. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 7, 173-189. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022803405470
- Hennessy KJ, Whetton PH, Walsh K, Smith IN, Bathols JM, Hutchinson M, Sharples J. 2008. Climate change effect on snow conditions in mainland Australia and adaptation at ski resorts through snowmaking. Climate Research, 35, 255-270. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00706
- Heo I, Lee S. 2008. The impact of climate changes on ski industries - In the case of the Yongpyoung Ski Resort-. Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, 43(5), 715-727.
- Heo I, Lee S. 2010. The impact of climate changes on ski Industry in central region of Korea: The case of Yongpyong.Yangji .Jisan ski resort, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, 45(4), 444-460.
- Heo I, Lee S. 2012. The projection of regional ski Industry by future climate data in south Korea: Using A1B scenario. Journal of Climate Research, 7(1), 69-81.
- IPCC. 2013. Cliamte Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, Cambridge University Press.
- Koeing U, Abegg B. 1997. Impacts of climate change on winter tourism in the Swiss Alps, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 5(1), 46-58. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669589708667275
- Moen J, Fredman P. 2007. Effects of Climate Change on Alpine Skiing in Sweden. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 14(4), 418-437. https://doi.org/10.2167/jost187b.0
- Scott D, Mcboyle G. 2007. Climate change adaptation in the ski industry. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, 1411-1431. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-006-9071-4
- Scott D, McBoyle G, Mills B. 2003. Climate change and the skiing industry in southern Ontario(Canada): exploring the importance of snowmaking as a technical adaptation. Climate Research, 23, 171-181. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr023171
- Scott D, McBoyle G, Minogue A. 2007. Climate change and Quebec,s ski industry. Global Environmental Change, 17(2), 181-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.05.004
- Steiger R, Stotter J. 2013. Climate change impact assessment of ski tourism in Tyrol, Tourism Geography, 15(4), 577-600. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2012.762539
- Steiger R. 2010. The impact of climate change on ski season length and snowmaking requirements in Tyrol, Austria. Climate Research, 43, 251-262. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr00941
- Trawoger L. 2014. Convinced, ambivalent or annoyed: Tyrolean ski tourism stakeholders and their perceptions of climate change. Tourism Management, 40, 338-351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.07.010
- Whetton PH, Haylock MR, Galloway R. 1996. Climate change and snow-cover duration in the Australian Alps. Climatic Change, 33(4), 447-479. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00141697