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A Study on Change in Chemical Composition of Green Tea, White Tea, Yellow Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea with Different Extraction Conditions

녹차, 백차, 황차, 우롱차 및 홍차의 추출조건에 따른 이화학적 성분 조성 변화 연구

  • Lee, Young-Sang (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Jung, Seul-A (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Kim, Jung-Hwan (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Cho, Kyoung-Sook (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Shin, Eul-Ki (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Lee, Hee-Young (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Ryu, Hye-Kyung (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Ahn, Hyun-Ju (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Jung, Won-Il (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service) ;
  • Hong, Sung-Hak (Central Customs Laboratory & Scientific Service, Korea Customs Service)
  • 이영상 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 정슬아 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 김정환 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 조경숙 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 신을기 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 이희영 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 류혜경 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 안현주 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 정원일 (관세청 중앙관세분석소) ;
  • 홍성학 (관세청 중앙관세분석소)
  • Received : 2015.08.13
  • Accepted : 2015.09.14
  • Published : 2015.10.31

Abstract

This study analyzes the chemical composition of green tea, white tea, yellow tea, oolong tea and black tea with respect to extraction temperature and time. The optimum extraction conditions for these teas were determined by assessing the chemical composition of tea brewed at different temperature (50, 60, 70, $80^{\circ}C$) and extraction times (1, 3, 5, 10 minute). Catechins contents were the largest at 5 minutes and generally declined by 10 minutes. Green tea catechins contents were highest when brewed at $70^{\circ}C$ and besides other teas a change of the trend variation at 70 and $80^{\circ}C$. These temperatures did not extract theaflavins in green tea. Extract temperature and time did not significantly affect theaflavins content of white tea, yellow tea, and oolong tea. Black tea, however, was noticeably dependent on extract conditions, which were most effective at $70^{\circ}C$, brewed for 5 minutes. Caffeine content of green tea, yellow tea, and oolong tea was highest at 5 minutes, but temperature did not appear to affect the content. White tea and black tea caffeine content was highest when brewed at $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes. Theobromine content of green tea, yellow tea, oolong tea, and black tea did not show major differences between the study times or temperature, though the content in white tea increased with higher temperatures when brewed for 5 minutes. The extraction of phenolic compounds increased until 5 minutes, and showed not further increase at 10 minutes. Antioxidant capacity of green tea, white tea, and yellow tea were maximized at $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes or $80^{\circ}C$ for 3 minutes, while oolong and black tea were reached maximum antioxidants at $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes. In general, to optimize the beneficial chemical content of brewed tea, a water temperature of $70^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes is recommended.

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