- Volume 16 Issue 11
DOI QR Code
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Testicular Self-examination among Male University Students from Bangladesh, Madagascar, Singapore, South Africa and Turkey
- Peltzer, Karl (ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University) ;
- Pengpid, Supa (ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University)
- Published : 2015.06.26
The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice of testicular self-examination (TSE) among male university students from low income (Bangladesh, Madagascar), middle income (South Africa, Turkey) and emerging economy (Singapore) countries. Using anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from 2,061 male undergraduate university students aged 16-30 (mean age 21.4, SD=2.4) from 5 universities in 5 countries across Asia and Africa. Overall, 17.6% of the male students indicated that they knew how to perform TSE; this knowledge proportion was above 20% in Bangladesh and Singapore, while it was the lowest (12.2%) in Madagascar. Among all men, 86.4% had never practiced TSE in the past 12 months, 7.1% 1-2 times, 3.5% 3-10 times, and monthly TSE was 3.1%. The proportion of past 12 month TSE was the highest (17.6%) among male university students in South Africa and the lowest (7.3%) among students in Singapore. Logistic regression found that TSE importance or positive attitude was highly associated with TSE practice. TSE practices were found to be inadequate and efforts should be made to develop programmes that can increase knowledge related to testicular cancer as well as the practice of testicular self-examination.
- Altinel B, Avci IA (2013). The knowledge, beliefs and practises of university students on testicular cancer and testicular self-examination. TAF Prev Med Bull, 12, 365-70. https://doi.org/10.5455/pmb.1-1330516108
- American Cancer Society (2013) Testicular self-exam. Available at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/testicularcancer/moreinformation/doihavetesticularcancer/do-i-have-testicular-cancer-self-exam; accessed 10 Oct 2014.
- Cancer Society of South Africa (2013). Fact sheet on testicular cancer. Available at http://www.cansa.org.za/files/2013/09/Fact-Sheet-Testicular-Cancer-September-2013.pdf; accessed 10 Oct 2014.
- Cooper TV, Blow J, Hu D (2014) Pilot study evaluating testicular self-examination and its correlates in Hispanic college men. Psychol Men Masculinity, 15, 105-9. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032211
- Evans REC, Steptoe A, Wardle J (2006). Testicular selfexamination: change in rates of practice in European university students, from 13 countries, over a 10-year period. Jmhg, 3, 368-372.
- Kuzgunbay B, Yaycioglu O, Soyupak B, et al (2013). Public awareness of testicular cancer and self-examination in Turkey: a multicenter study of Turkish Urooncology Society. Urol Oncol, 31, 386-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2011.01.020
- Muliira JK, Nalwanga PB, Muliira RS, Nankinga Z (2012). Knowlede, perceived risk and barriers to testicular self-examination among male university students in Uganda. Jmh, 9, 36-44.
- Norhaini M, Norazlanshah H, Khairil Anuar MI, et al (2014). Health risk factors and health promoting behaviour among medical and non-medical students. Malaysian J Pub Health Med, 14, 1-11.
- Onyiriuka AN, Imoebe FE (2013). Testicular-self examination among Nigerian adolescent secondary school boys: knowledge, attitudes and practices. J Prev Med Hyg, 54, 163-6.
- Ozbas A, Cavdar I, Findik UY, Akyuz N (2011). Inadequate knowledge levels of Turkish male university students about testicular self-examination. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 919-22.
- Ramim T, Mousavi SQ, Rosatmnia L, Bazyar A, Ghanbari V (2014). Student knowledge of testicular cancer and self-examination in a medical sciences university in Iran. Basic Clin Cancer Res, 6, 1-5.
- Shallwani K, Ramji R, Ali TS, Khuwaja AK (2010). Self examination for breast and testicular cancers: a community-based intervention study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 383-6.
- Singapore Cancer Society (2014) Testicular cancer. Available at http://sg.movember.com/mens-health/testicular-cancer; accessed 10 Oct 2014.
- Ugurlu Z, Akkuzu G, Karahan A, et al (2011). Testicular cancer awareness and testicular self-examination among university students. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 695-8.
- Wardle J, Steptoe A (1991). The European Health and Behaviour Survey: rationale, methods and initial results from the United Kingdom. Soc Sci Med, 33, 925-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(91)90263-C
- Wardle J, Steptoe A, Burckhardt R, Vogele C, Vila J, Zarczynski Z (1994). Testicular self-examination: attitudes and practices among young men in Europe. Prev Med, 23, 206-10. https://doi.org/10.1006/pmed.1994.1028
- Men’s reproductive health knowledge in Mankweng District, Limpopo Province vol.40, pp.1, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4102/curationis.v40i1.1732
- Testicular self examination among Bahir Dar University students: application of integrated behavioral model vol.18, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3935-8
- Testicular germ cell tumor: a comprehensive review pp.1420-9071, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-019-03022-7