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A Pilot Study on Factors Associated with Presentation Delay in Patients Affected with Head and Neck Cancers

  • Baishya, Nizara (Head and Neck Oncology, Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
  • Das, Ashok Kumar (Head and Neck Oncology, Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
  • Krishnatreya, Manigreeva (Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
  • Das, Anupam (Head and Neck Oncology, Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
  • Das, Kishore (Head and Neck Oncology, Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
  • Kataki, Amal Chandra (Head and Neck Oncology, Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute) ;
  • Nandy, Pintu (Cancer Registry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr.B Borooah Cancer Institute)
  • Published : 2015.06.26

Abstract

Background: Patient delay can contribute to a poor outcome in the management of head and neck cancers (HNC). The main objective of the present study was to investigate the factors associated with patient delay in our population. Materials and Methods: Patients with cancers of the head and neck attending a regional cancer center of North East India were consecutively interviewed during the period from June 2014 to November 2014. The participation of patients was voluntary. The questionnaire included information on age, gender, residential status, educational qualification, monthly family income, any family history of cancer, and history of prior awareness on cancer from television (TV) program and awareness program. Results: Of 311 (n) patients, with an age range of 14-88 years (mean 55.4 years), 81.7% were males and 18.3% females (M:F=4.4). The overall median delay was 90 days (range=7 days-365 days), in illiterate patients the median delay was 90 days and 60 days in literate patients (P=0.002), the median delay in patients who had watched cancer awareness program on TV was 60 days and in patients who were unaware about cancer information from TV program had a median delay of 90 days (p=0.00021) and delay of <10 weeks was seen in 139 (44.6%) patients, a delay of 10-20 weeks in 98 (31.5%) patients, and a delay of 20-30 weeks in 63 (20.2%) patients. Conclusions: Education and awareness had a significant impact in reduction of median patient delay in our HNC cases.

Keywords

Delay;head and neck cancer;health education;median;patient delay

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  1. Clinical Practice Guideline: Evaluation of the Neck Mass in Adults vol.157, pp.2_suppl, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1177/0194599817722550