Epidemioclinical Feature of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer at-Risk for Lynch Syndrome in Central Iran

  • Zeinalian, Mehrdad (Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori, Morteza (Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Akbarpour, Mohammad Javad (Poursina Hakim Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Emami, Mohammad Hassan (Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.06.26


Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is becoming one of the most complicated challenges of human health, particularly in developing countries like Iran. In this paper, we try to characterize CRC cases diagnosed < age 50 at-risk for Lynch syndrome within central Iran. Materials and Methods: We designed a descriptive retrospective study to screen all registered CRC patients within 2000-2013 in Poursina Hakim Research Center (PHRC), a referral gastroenterology clinic in central Iran, based on being early-onset (age at diagnosis ${\leq}50years$) and Amsterdam II criteria. We calculated frequencies and percentages by SPSS 19 software to describe clinical and family history characteristics of patients with early-onset CRC. Results: Overall 1,659 CRC patients were included in our study of which 413 (24.9%) were ${\leq}50years$ at diagnosis. Of 219/413 successful calls 67 persons (30.6%) were reported deceased. Family history was positive for 72/219 probands (32.9%) and 53 families (24.2%) were identified as familial colorectal cancer (FCC), with a history of at-least three affected members with any type of cancer in the family, of which 85% fulfilled the Amsterdam II Criteria as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) families (45/219 or 20.5%). Finally, 14 families were excluded due to proband tumor tissues being unavailable or unwillingness for incorporation. The most common HNPCC-associated extracolonic-cancer among both males and females of the families was stomach, at respectively 31.8 and 32.7 percent. The most common tumor locations among the 31 probands were rectum (32.3%), sigmoid (29.0%), and ascending colon (12.9%). Conclusions: Given the high prevalence of FCC (~1/4 of early-onset Iranian CRC patients), it is necessary to establish a comprehensive cancer genetic counseling and systematic screening program for early detection and to improve cancer prognosis among high risk families.


Colorectal cancer;epidemioclinical feature;lynch syndrome;central Iran


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