DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Heat Generation Characteristics of Emotional and Intelligent ZrC Imbedded Garment through Thermal Manikin Measurement

탄화지르코늄 함유 감성 인텔리전트 의류의 써멀 마네킹 측정에 의한 발열 특성

  • Kim, Hyunah (Korea Research Institute For Fashion Industry) ;
  • Kim, Seungjin (Department of Textile Engineering and Technology, Yeungnam University)
  • 김현아 (한국패션산업연구원 연구개발본부) ;
  • 김승진 (영남대학교 융합섬유공학과)
  • Received : 2015.07.10
  • Accepted : 2015.09.10
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

This study investigated heat generation characteristics of knitted and woven intelligent garments made of ZrC imbedded yarns through thermal manikin measurement. These emotional and intelligent thermal characteristics by thermal manikin measurement were analysed and compared with light/thermal radiation experimental results. Surface temperature of ZrC imbedded woven and knitted fabrics by light/thermal radiation measurement was $4^{\circ}C$ and $2^{\circ}C$ higher than that of regular PET control fabrics, respectively. Clo value as heat generation characteristics of ZrC imbedded woven and knitted garments with light exposure was 0.14 and 0.08 higher than that of regular PET control garments, respectively. These results were attributed to the far-infrared thermal radiation from ZrC imbedded in the core part of the intelligent bi-component filament, which was verified by far-infrared emissive power ranged between $6{\mu}m$ and $20{\mu}m$ through FT-IR experiment and by inclusion of Zr through EDS ingredient analysis. However, compressibility of ZrC imbedded woven fabric was lower than that of regular PET one, and bending rigidity was higher than that of regular one, which resulted in a little stiff tactile hand property of ZrC imbedded fabric. We found that ZrC imbedded intelligent woven and knitted fabrics were applicable to the intelligent garment as a heat generation textile material by thermal manikin measurement.

Acknowledgement

Grant : Hybrid Wool 50%이상 복합방적사를 이용한 세탁수축률 3% 이하, 필링성 4급 이상의 경량보온성 Tra-biz Outdoor용 투습방수 소재 및 제품개발

References

  1. Bahng, G. W., & Lee, J. D. (2014). Development of heat-generating polyester fiber harnessing catalytic ceramic powder combined with heat-generating super microorganisms. Textile Research Journal, 84(11), 1220-1230. https://doi.org/10.1177/0040517513503732
  2. Choi, J. W., & Lee H. H. (2009). The relationship between weight of single garments and thermal insulation with a thermal manikin. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 33(2), 173-186. https://doi.org/10.5850/JKSCT.2009.33.2.173
  3. Das, A., & Alagirusamy, R. (2010). Science in clothing comfort. Woodhead Publishing, New Delhi: PVT LTD.
  4. De Boos, A. G. (1991). Siro FAST users's manual. Australia: CSIRO press.
  5. Furata, T., Shimizu, Y., & Kondo, Y. (1996). Evaluating the temperature and humidity characteristics of solar energy absorbing and retaining fabric. Textile Research Journal, 66(3), 123-130. https://doi.org/10.1177/004051759606600301
  6. Fan, J., & Hunter, L. (2009). Engineering apparel fabrics and garments. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited CRC press.
  7. Hes, L., Dearaujo, M., & Djulay V. V. (1996). Effect of mutual bonding of textile layers on thermal insulation and thermal contact properties of fabric assemblies. Textile Research Journal, 66(4), 245-250. https://doi.org/10.1177/004051759606600410
  8. Kang, I., & Lee, H. S. (2013). Wear comfort evaluation on water-vapor-permeable(WVP) garments using a movable sweating thermal manikin. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 37(8), 1095-1106. https://doi.org/10.5850/JKSCT.2013.37.8.1095
  9. Kim, H. A., Heo, K., & Kim, S. J. (2015). Physical property of heat storage knitted fabrics for high emotional garment. Fashion & Textile Research. Journal, 17(2), 295-304. https://doi.org/10.5805/SFTI.2015.17.2.295
  10. Kim, H. A., Woo, J. Y., & Kim, S. J. (2014a). The physical property of PET coolness knitted fabric for high emotional garment. Textile Coloration and Finishing, 26(2), 114-123. https://doi.org/10.5764/TCF.2014.26.2.114
  11. Kim, H. A., & Woo, J. Y. (2014b). The physical property of moisture responded transformable intelligent textiles for high emotional garment. Science of Emotion & Sensibility, 17(1), 93-104. https://doi.org/10.14695/KJSOS.2014.17.1.93
  12. Kim, H. A., Jang, H. W., Heo, K., Kim, S. J., & Kwon, S. J. (2014c). The physical property of Nylon/PP warm-up knitted fabric for high emotional garment. Textile Coloration and Finishing, 26(1), 22-31. https://doi.org/10.5764/TCF.2014.26.1.22
  13. Kim, H. A. (2015). Far-infrared emission characteristics of ZrC imbedded heat storage knitted fabrics for emotional garment. Science of Emotion & Sensibility, 18(1), 49-58. https://doi.org/10.14695/KJSOS.2015.18.1.49
  14. Mather, R. R. (2001). Intelligent textiles. Review of Progress In Coloration and Related Topics, 31, 36-41.
  15. Song, G. (2010). Improving comfort in clothing. Philadelphia: Woodhead Publishing Limited CRC press.
  16. Yoneda, M., & Kawabata, S. (1983). Analysis of transient heat conduction and its application, Part I. Journal of the Textile Machinery Society of Japan, 29(4), 79-80.