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Earthquake risk assessment methods of unreinforced masonry structures: Hazard and vulnerability

  • Preciado, Adolfo (Department of Civil Engineering, Polytechnical University of Guadalajara (UPZMG)) ;
  • Ramirez-Gaytan, Alejandro (Department of Computational Sciences (CUCEI), University of Guadalajara (UdeG)) ;
  • Salido-Ruiz, Ricardo A. (Department of Computational Sciences (CUCEI), University of Guadalajara (UdeG)) ;
  • Caro-Becerra, Juan L. (Department of Civil Engineering, Polytechnical University of Guadalajara (UPZMG)) ;
  • Lujan-Godinez, Ramiro (Department of Civil Engineering, Polytechnical University of Guadalajara (UPZMG))
  • Received : 2014.05.07
  • Accepted : 2015.07.27
  • Published : 2015.10.25

Abstract

Seismic risk management of the built environment is integrated by two main stages, the assessment and the remedial measures to attain its reduction, representing both stages a complex task. The seismic risk of a certain structure located in a seismic zone is determined by the conjunct of the seismic hazard and its structural vulnerability. The hazard level mainly depends on the proximity of the site to a seismic source. On the other hand, the ground shaking depends on the seismic source, geology and topography of the site, but definitely on the inherent earthquake characteristics. Seismic hazard characterization of a site under study is suggested to be estimated by a combination of studies with the history of earthquakes. In this Paper, the most important methods of seismic vulnerability evaluation of buildings and their application are described. The selection of the most suitable method depends on different factors such as number of buildings, importance, available data and aim of the study. These approaches are classified in empirical, analytical, experimental and hybrid. For obtaining more reliable results, it is recommends applying a hybrid approach, which consists of a combination between methods depending on the case. Finally, a recommended approach depending on the building importance and aim of the study is described.

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