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Optimal conditions and effects of prebiotics for growth and antimicrobial substances production of Lactobacillus brevis BK11

Lactobacillus brevis BK11의 증식과 항균물질 생산을 위한 최적 배양조건 및 prebiotics의 영향

  • Received : 2015.08.20
  • Accepted : 2015.09.23
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

Lactobacillus brevis BK11 obtained from Baikkimchi was selected to study the effects of culture medium, initial pH, atmosphere composition, incubation temperature and time, and prebiotics on growth and production of antimicrobial substances. Growth and antimicrobial substances production of L. brevis BK11 were significantly higher in MRS broth than in BHI or M17 broth. The production of cell mass, lactic acid, and bacteriocin by BK11 strain was at maximum in MRS broth adjusted to pH 6.0. Aerobic and microaerobic conditions were favored cell growth and antimicrobial substances production than anaerobic condition. Biomass and lactic acid production and antimicrobial substances activity of BK 11 were significantly better at 30 and $37^{\circ}C$ than at $25^{\circ}C$. Growth of the strain BK11 entered the stationary growth stage at 24 h after inoculation, and decreased after 36 h. Antimicrobial activities of cell-free culture supernatant and bacteriocin solution were highest when cultured in MRS broth with an initial pH 6.0 for 24-30 h at $37^{\circ}C$. In addition, the highest cell number and lactic acid and bacteriocin production were recorded in the presence of 1 and 2% (w/v) fructooligosaccharide (FOS), however, inulin and raffinose did not affect biological and physicochemical characteristics and antimicrobial activities of L. brevis BK11 cultures. According to these results, production of antimicrobial substances by L. brevis KB11 was closely associated with cell density. Under optimal conditions for antimicrobial substances production, L. brevis BK11 effectively inhibited the growth of Helicobacter pylori ATCC 43504.

Keywords

Helicobacter pylori;antimicrobial activity;bacteriocin;prebiotic;probiotic

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