Lactobacillus brevis BK11의 증식과 항균물질 생산을 위한 최적 배양조건 및 prebiotics의 영향

Optimal conditions and effects of prebiotics for growth and antimicrobial substances production of Lactobacillus brevis BK11

  • 투고 : 2015.08.20
  • 심사 : 2015.09.23
  • 발행 : 2015.09.30


숙성된 백김치로부터 얻은 Lactobacillus brevis BK11의 증식과 항균물질 생산에 대한 배양용 배지 종류, 공기 조성, 초기 pH, 배양온도 및 시간과 프리바이오틱스의 영향을 조사하였다. L. brevis BK11의 증식과 항균물질 활성은 BHI와 M17 배지 보다는 MRS 배지 상에서 더 높게 나타났으며, 배지의 초기 pH 6.0에서 생산량이 최대에 이르렀다. 혐기적 조건보다는 호기적 및 미호기적 조건에서 배양했을 때와 $25^{\circ}C$ 보다는 $30^{\circ}C$$37^{\circ}C$ 온도에서 배양했을 때 균 성장과 항균물질 생산에 유리하였다. BK11 균주는 배양 24시간 만에 정지기에 도달하였고, 36시간 후부터는 생균수가 감소되었고, 배양상등액과 박테리오신 용액의 항균 활성은 $37^{\circ}C$, 24-30시간 배양했을 때 가장 높았다. 세포수와 유산 및 박테리오신 생산은 프락토올리고당 1-2% 첨가한 경우에 가장 높았으나, 이뉼린과 라피노오스는 균 증식에 별다른 도움을 주지 못했다. 결과적으로 L. brevis BK11의 항균물질 생산은 세포수와 관계 있었으며, 이러한 최적 조건 하에서 배양한 경우 Helicobacter pylori ATCC 43504의 성장을 효과적으로 저해할 수 있다.


Helicobacter pylori;antimicrobial activity;bacteriocin;prebiotic;probiotic


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