Mineral Uptake and Soluble Carbohydrates of Tomato Plants as Affected by Air Temperatures and Mineral Treatment Levels

  • Sung, Jwakyung (Soil and Fertilizer Division, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Yun, Hejin (Soil and Fertilizer Division, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Cho, Minji (Soil and Fertilizer Division, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Lee, Yejin (Soil and Fertilizer Division, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Chun, Hyenchung (Soil and Fertilizer Division, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Ha, Sangkeun (Soil and Fertilizer Division, NAAS, RDA) ;
  • Sonn, Yeonkyu (Soil and Fertilizer Division, NAAS, RDA)
  • Received : 2015.06.15
  • Accepted : 2015.08.24
  • Published : 2015.08.31


Both low and high temperatures affect plant growth and development at whole plant level, tissue and even cell level through a variety of metabolic changes. Temperature stress is one of frequently occurring problems in greenhouse crops in summer and winter seasons due to the wide-spread year-round cultivation. In the present study, we investigated the extent of the inhibition of growth, macro-element uptake and soluble carbohydrate production, and the effect of extra-supply of minerals as a means of the recovery from temperature damage. Tomato plants were grown five different growth temperatures (15/8, 20/13, 28/21, 33/23 and $36/26^{\circ}C$), and extra-supply of minerals was composed of 1.5- and 2.0-fold stronger than the standard nutrition (1/2 strength of Hoagland's solution). Temperature stress significantly adversely affected tomato growth and mineral uptake, whereas soluble carbohydrate accumulation represented temperature-dependent response, more accumulation at low temperature and more consumption at high temperature. The soluble sugars in leaves and stems were mostly declined with the supply of extra-minerals at low and optimal temperatures, whereas remained unchanged at high temperature. The starch levels also remained unchanged or slightly decreased.


Tomato;Mineral uptake;Carbohydrates;Temperature stress;Mineral supply


Grant : Cooperative Research Program for Agriculture Science & Technology Development

Supported by : Rural Development Administration


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