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Relation between Chemical Properties and Microbial Activities in Soils from Reclaimed Tidal Lands at South-western Coast Area in Korea

  • Park, Mi-Na (Division of Food & Environmental Sciences, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Go, Gang-Seuk (Division of Food & Environmental Sciences, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Hwan (Department of Ecology Landscape Architecture-Design, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Bae, Hui-Su (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Sa, Tongmin (Department of Environmental Science and Biological Chemistry, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Choi, Joon-Ho (Division of Food & Environmental Sciences, Wonkwang University)
  • Received : 2015.06.23
  • Accepted : 2015.08.20
  • Published : 2015.08.31

Abstract

The scientific information between microbial community and chemical properties of reclaimed tidal soil is not enough to understand the land reclamation process. This study was conducted to investigate the relation between chemical properties and microbial activities of soils from reclaimed tidal lands located at south-western coastal area (42 samples from Goheuong, Samsan, Bojun, Kunnae, Hwaong and Yeongsangang sites). Most of the reclaimed soils showed chemical characteristics as salinity soil based on EC. Only $Na^+$ in exchangeable cation was dependent on EC of reclaimed soil, whereas other cations such as $K^+$, $Ca^{2+}$, and $Mg^{2+}$ were independent on EC. The mesophilic bacteria decreased with an increase in EC of soil. Microbial population increased with soil organic content in the range of $0{\sim}10g\;kg^{-1}$ and dehydrogenase activity less than $100{\mu}g-TPF\;g^{-1}h^{-1}$. Microbial population of soils from reclaimed tidal lands was closely related to the microbial community containing hydrolytic enzyme activities of cellulase, amylase, protease, and lipase.

Keywords

Salinity;Microbial population;Microbial community containing hydrolytic enzyme activity;Electrical conductivity

Acknowledgement

Grant : Cooperative Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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