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융복합 시대 준비를 위한 국내 간호대학 교육에서의 비판적 사고 연구(1996-2014) 동향 분석

A literature Review (1996-2014) on Critical Thinking in Korean Nursing Education for the Era of Convergence

  • Ha, Na-Sun (Department of Nursing, Seoil University) ;
  • Pak, So-Young (College of Nursing, Shinhan University) ;
  • Lee, Mi-Ja (Department of Nursing, Seoil University)
  • 투고 : 2015.07.22
  • 심사 : 2015.09.20
  • 발행 : 2015.09.28

초록

본 연구는 융복합 시대에 중요한 능력인 비판적 사고와 관련되어 국내 간호대학 교육에서 연구된 논문(1996-2014) 75편을 분석한 문헌고찰 연구이다. 고찰 결과 2006년을 기점으로 비판적 사고 관련 연구가 크게 증가하였으며, 연구 설계는 관련 요인을 탐색하는 수준에서 경로모형 구축까지 진행되었음을 확인할 수 있었다. 비판적 사고에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 학력, 연령, 교우관계, 학업성적, 임상실습 기간, 전공만족도, 자아존중감, 자기효능감, 학습방법 등이 확인되었으며, 비판적사고 성향이 높을수록 임상실습 스트레스, 인지된 스트레스가 낮아지고, 문제해결 능력, 임상수행능력, 감정조절, 의사소통 능력이 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 비판적 사고는 단기간에 획득, 향상되기 어려우므로 지금까지 연구에서 확인된 비판적 사고와 관련된 원인 및 결과변수를 바탕으로 간호교육과정에서 장기적이고 체계적으로 비판적 사고를 향상시키기 위한 교육 프로그램을 개발할 것을 제언한다.

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