DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Application of brass scrubber filter with copper hydroxide nanocomposite structure for phosphate removal

  • Hong, Ki-Ho (Division of Interdisciplinary Studies, Konkuk University) ;
  • Yoo, In-Sang (Green Energy and Environment Laboratory (GE2)) ;
  • Kim, Sae-Hoon (Department of Ceramic Engineering, Gangneung-Wonju National University) ;
  • Chang, Duk (Department of Environmental Engineering, Konkuk University) ;
  • Sunwoo, Young (Department of Environmental Engineering, Konkuk University) ;
  • Kim, Dae-Gun (Green Energy and Environment Laboratory (GE2))
  • Received : 2014.09.13
  • Accepted : 2015.05.19
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

In this study, a novel phosphorus removal filter made of brass scrubber with higher porosity of over 96% was fabricated and evaluated. The brass scrubber was surface-modified to form copper hydroxide on the surface of the brass, which could be a phosphate removal filter for advanced wastewater treatment because the phosphates could be removed by the ion exchange with hydroxyl ions of copper hydroxide. The evaluation of phosphate removal was performed under the conditions of the batch type in wastewater and continuous type through filters. Filter recycling was also evaluated with retreatment of the surface modification process. The phosphate was rapidly removed within a very shorter contact time by the surface-modified brass scrubber filter, and the phosphate mass of 1.57 mg was removed per gram of the filter. The possibility of this surface-modified brass scrubber filter for phosphorus removal was shown without undesirable sludge production of existing chemical phosphorus removal techniques, and we feel that it would be very meaningful as a new wastewater treatment.

Keywords

Brass scrubber;Copper hydroxide;Nanocomposite;Phosphate removal;Surface modification

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Research Foundation

References

  1. Chitrakar R, Tezuka S, Sonoda A, Sakane K, Ooi K, Hirotsu T. Phosphate adsorption on synthetic goethite and akaganeite. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2006;298:602-608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.12.054
  2. Seo YI, Lee YJ, Hong KH, et al. Phosphate filtering characteristics of a hybridized porous Al alloy prepared by surface modification. J. Hazard. Mater. 2010;173:789-793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.08.048
  3. Seo YI, Jeon YJ, Lee YJ, Kim DG, Lee KH, Kim YD. Formation mechanism of mesoporous aluminum hydroxide film by alkali surface modification. Kor. J. Mater. Res. 2010;20:97-103. https://doi.org/10.3740/MRSK.2010.20.2.97
  4. APHA, AWWA, WEF. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Washington DC: American Public Health Association; 2005.
  5. Sincero AP, Sincero GA. Physical-chemical treatment of water and wastewater. London: IWA Publishing; 2003.
  6. Wen X, Zhang W, Yang S, Dai ZR, Wang ZL. Solution Phase Synthesis of $Cu(OH)_2$ Nanoribbons by Coordination Self-Assembly Using $Cu_2S$ Nanowires as Precursors. Nano Lett. 2002;2:1397-1401. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl025848v
  7. Clair NS, Perry LM, Gene FP. Chemistry for environmental engineering. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2003.
  8. George T, Franklin LB, Stensel HD. Wastewater engineering; Treatment and Reuse. New York: Metcalf & Eddy, Inc.; 2003.
  9. Bennett EM, Carpenter SR, Caraco NF. Human Impact on Erodable Phosphorus and Eutrophication: A Global Perspective Increasing accumulation of phosphorus in soil threatens rivers, lakes, and coastal oceans with eutrophication. Biosci. 2001;51: 227-234. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0227:HIOEPA]2.0.CO;2
  10. Anderson DM, Glibert PM, Burkholder JM. Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Nutrient sources, composition, and consequences. Estuaries 2002;25:704-726. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02804901
  11. Smith VH. Eutrophication of freshwater and coastal marine ecosystems a global problem. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2003;10: 126-139. https://doi.org/10.1065/espr2002.12.142
  12. US EPA. Design manual: Phosphorus removal. Cincinnati: Center for Environmental Research Information; 1987.
  13. WEF. Biological and chemical systems for nutrient removal. Alexandria, Virginia: Water Environment Federation; 1998.
  14. Sedlak RI. Phosphorus and nitrogen removal from municipal wastewater: Principles and practice. New York: Lewis Publishers; 1991.
  15. Omoike AI, vanLoon GW. Removal of phosphorus and organic matter removal by alum during wastewater treatment. Water Res. 1999;33:3617-3627. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(99)00075-5
  16. WEF. Nutrient removal. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2010.
  17. Randall CW, Barnard JL, Stensel HD. Design and retrofit of wastewater treatment plants for biological nutrient removal. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Technic Publishing; 1992.
  18. WEF. Wastewater treatment plant design. Alexandria, Virginia: Water Environment Federation; 2003.
  19. Geelhoed JS, Hiemstra T, van Tiemsdijk WH. Phosphate and sulfate adsorption on goethite: Single anion and competitive adsorption. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 1997;61:2389-2396. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00096-3
  20. Hano T, Takahashi H, Hirata M, Urano K, Eto S. Removal of phosphorus from wastewater by activated alumina adsorbent. Water Sci. Technol. 1997;35:39-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0273-1223(97)00112-1
  21. Haron MJ, Wasay SA, Tokunaga S. Preparation of basic yttrium carbonate for phosphate removal. Water Environ. Res. 1997;69:1047-1051. https://doi.org/10.2175/106143097X125759
  22. Tang WP, Shima O, Ookubo A, Ooi K. A kinetic study of phosphate adsorption by boehmite. J. Pharm. Sci. 1997;86:230-235. https://doi.org/10.1021/js960232p
  23. Zhao D, Sengupta AK. Ultimate removal of phosphate from wastewater using a new class of polymeric ion exchangers. Water Res. 1998;32:1613-1625. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00371-0

Cited by

  1. Effect of coexisting components on phosphate adsorption using magnetite particles in water pp.1614-7499, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8528-1