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Removal of a synthetic broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent, triclosan, in wastewater treatment systems: A short review

  • Lee, Do Gyun (Earth Research Institute, University of California)
  • Received : 2014.11.30
  • Accepted : 2015.03.02
  • Published : 2015.06.30

Abstract

Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) including endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) and pharmaceuticals and personal care product chemicals (PPCPs) have recently received more attention because of their occurrence in water bodies and harmful impacts on human health and aquatic organisms. Triclosan is widely used as a synthetic broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent due to its antimicrobial efficacy. However, triclosan detected in aquatic environment has been recently considered as one of CECs, because of the potential for endocrine disruption, the formation of toxic by-products and the development of cross-resistance to antibiotics in aquatic environment. This comprehensive review focuses on the regulations, toxicology, fate and transport, occurrence and removal efficiency of triclosan. Overall, this review aims to provide better understanding of triclosan and insight into application of biological treatment process as an efficient method for triclosan removal.

Keywords

Antimicrobial;Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs);Pharmaceuticals and personal care product chemicals (PPCPs);Removal;Triclosan;Wastewater

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