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Application Possibility of Naphthoquinone Derivative Nq 4-6 for Mitigation of Winter Diatom Bloom

겨울철 규조류 대발생 제어를 위한 Naphthoquinone 유도체 Nq 4-6의 적용 가능성

  • Received : 2015.08.09
  • Accepted : 2015.08.31
  • Published : 2015.09.30

Abstract

We conducted the algicidal activity screening tests using 10 L microcosm to investigate the possibility of the field application of naphthoquinone derivative Nq 4-6 compound as an algicide. We determined its application range to assess its algicidal effects on the phytoplankton and to evaluate the response of the planktonic community and the water environment to this chemical. From results of the microcosm experiments, Nq 4-6 compound showed high algicidal activity on the centric diatoms such as Stephanodiscus hantzschii and Cyclotella meneghiniana, but it had no effect on other phytoplankton. The abundance of S. hantzschii continuously increased in the control, but its cell density decreased 1 day after the Nq 4-6 treatment. In particular, Nq 4-6 showed algicidal activity of 94.4% against S. hantzschii 7 days after the treatment. The dominance index of phytoplankton community was lower in the treatment than in the control. The diversity index, richness index and evenness index of phytoplankton community was higher in the treatment. Environmental factors and biological factors did not show specific changes after the Nq 4-6 compound treatment. Therefore, the results of this study demonstrates that Nq 4-6 is an effective agent for the control of S. hantzschii blooms, and that the microcosm tests play a crucial role when assessing field application.

Keywords

Algicidal substance;Diatom bloom;Microcosm test;Naphthoquinone;Stephanodiscus hantzschii

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경산업기술원

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