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A study on the relationship between the concentration status of inpatient services and medical charges per case between 2009 and 2011

입원서비스의 집중화 수준과 진료비 간의 관계 분석: 2009년~2011년

  • 곽진미 (연세대학교 일반대학원 보건행정학과) ;
  • 이광수 (연세대학교 보건과학대학 보건행정학과) ;
  • 권혁준 (성균관대학교 경영학과)
  • Received : 2015.01.28
  • Accepted : 2015.03.17
  • Published : 2015.03.01

Abstract

Previous studies provided that limiting the number of services provided in hospital had influences in decreasing cost in delivering medical services. Hospitals could have positive effects on their profit by concentrating small number of services which they have comparative advantages. This study purposed to analyze the relationship between the concentration status of hospitals and medical charge for inpatients. National Inpatient sample data provided by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) for three years, 2009 to 2011 was used to compute the three concentration indices (Information Theory Index (ITI), Internal Herfindahl Index (IHI), and number of distinct Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRGs) treated) and total medical charge per inpatient case in each year. It was also used to select the control variables such as bed size, number of doctors per 100 beds, and locations. The ordinary least square regression models were developed and tested for hospital and general hospitals separately. The results showed that the total medical charge per inpatient case was significantly differed depending on the concentration indices, and there were positive relationships in ITI and IHI. The number of distinct DRGs had different directions in regression coefficients depending on the locations and hospital types. Hospitals had larger absolute standardized regression coefficients compare to those of general hospitals. However, their effects could be varied by the hospital types, number of doctors, and locations. It seems that hospitals have more influences on medical charges by concentrating their services than general hospitals. Study results provide knowledges to hospital administrators that concentration strategy can positive influences on the performance of small size hospitals.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 건강보험심사평가원