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Effects of Health-Promoting Behaviors of Grandmothers Participating in Their Grandchildren's Nurture on Entrapment

손자녀 양육에 참여하는 조모의 건강증진행위가 속박감에 미치는 영향

  • Seo, Mi Ae (St. Carollo General Hospital) ;
  • Park, Ok Im (Division of Social Welfare, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Moon, Hee (Dept. of Nursing, Gwangyang Health College) ;
  • Kim, Jin Hee (Dept. of Family Environment & Welfare, Chonnam National University)
  • 서미애 (성가롤로병원) ;
  • 박옥임 (순천대학교 사회복지학부) ;
  • 문희 (광양보건대학교 간호과) ;
  • 김진희 (전남대학교 생활환경복지학과)
  • Received : 2015.03.31
  • Accepted : 2015.08.03
  • Published : 2015.08.31

Abstract

This study examines the effects of health-promoting behaviors of grandmothers participating in their infant grandchildren's nurture and provides data for enhancing the quality of their lives. The sample included 218 consenting subjects who understood the purpose of the study. These subjects resided in three cities in Jeollanam-do, Korea, and were grandmothers entrusted by their adult children with a considerable amount of nurturing for their preschool-aged grandchildren under the age of six. First, the subjects scored an average of 3.05 for health-promoting behaviors and 2.42 for entrapment. Second, the entrapment measurement based on general characteristics showed a higher level of entrapment for those with better health, a lower education level, no religion, male grandchildren to nurture, and unsatisfactory compensation. Third, health-promoting behaviors and entrapment (r=-.304) were negatively correlated. Fourth, the analysis results for effects of health-promoting behaviors of grandmothers on entrapment based on general characteristics of grandmothers as a control variable reveal a significant effect of health-promoting behaviors on entrapment. In other words, the greater the employment of health-promoting behaviors, the less likely the entrapment was to be perceived. Fifth, the results for effects of subcriteria for health-promoting behaviors on entrapment reveal a decrease in entrapment when the subjects engaged in an appropriate level of physical activity with a relaxed state of mind. These results suggest that health-promoting behaviors of grandmothers participating in their infant grandchildren's nurture are likely to influence entrapment and thus that grandmothers should make efforts to actively engage in health-promoting behaviors to reduce any maladaptive effects on nurturing. Social support and related programs should be fostered to enable grandmothers to better practice health-promoting behaviors while nurturing their grandchildren.

Keywords

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