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Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D Insufficiency in B-Chronic Lymphoid Leukemia at the Time of Disease Presentation in Pakistan

  • Parveen, Saira (Hematology Department, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College) ;
  • Zeeshan, Rozina (Hematology Department, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College) ;
  • Sultan, Sadia (Hematology Department, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College) ;
  • Irfan, Syed Mohammad (Hematology Department, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College)
  • Published : 2015.09.02

Abstract

Background: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D insufficiency is very common in Pakistan and is often related to inferior prognosis in some cancers but limited data exist for hematopoietic malignancies. This study was conducted to determine the vitamin D insufficiency in B-chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL) cases at the time of presentation and its possible correlation with clinical staging, hematological parameters and biochemical markers. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study was carried at Liaquat National Hospital from January 2011 to June 2013. Sixty patients with B-chronic lymphoid leukemia were enrolled. Complete blood count, vitamin D levels, serum urea, creatinine, uric acid and LDH levels were assessed. Data were compiled and analyzed using SPSS version 21. Results: Out of 60 patients, 42 (70%) were male and 18 (30%) were female. Mean age was $59.0{\pm}9.2years$. The frequency of vitamin D insufficiency was found to be 56.7%. Overall insufficiency was more frequently seen in male gender (40%). Vitamin D insufficiency demonstrated a positive association with low lactate dehydrogenase levels (P=0.005). No links were established with age, clinical stage, hematological and other biochemical markers. Conclusions: Vitamin D insufficiency is high compared with Western studies. Whether normalization of vitamin D insufficiency in deficient B-CLL patients could improve the clinical outcome or delay disease progression will require further studies.

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