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Prognostic Value of Baseline Neutrophil-Lymphocyte and Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratios in Local and Advanced Gastric Cancer Patients

  • Aldemir, Mehmet Naci (Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University) ;
  • Turkeli, Mehmet (Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University) ;
  • Simsek, Melih (Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University) ;
  • Yildirim, Nilgun (Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University) ;
  • Bilen, Yusuf (Department of Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University) ;
  • Yetimoglu, Harun (Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University) ;
  • Bilici, Mehmet (Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University) ;
  • Tekin, Salim Basol (Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University)
  • Published : 2015.09.02

Abstract

Background: We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of baseline neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts along with the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in local and advanced gastric cancer patients. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, a total of 103 patients with gastric cancer were included. For all, patient characteristics and overall survival (OS) times were evaluated. Data from a complete blood count test including neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, white blood cell (WBC) and platelet (Plt) count, hemoglobin level (Hb) were recorded, and the NLR and PLR were obtained for every patient prior to pathological diagnosis before any treatment was applied. Results: Of the patients, 53 had local disease, underwent surgery and were administered adjuvant chemoradiotherapy where indicated. The remaining 50 had advanced disease and only received chemotherapy. OS time was $71.6{\pm}6$ months in local gastric cancer patients group and $15{\pm}2$ months in the advanced gastric cancer group. Univariate analysis demonstrated that only high platelet count (p=0.013) was associated with better OS in the local gastric cancer patients. In contrast, both low NLR (p=0.029) and low PLR (p=0.012) were associated with better OS in advanced gastric cancer patients. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that NLR and PLR had no effect on prognosis in patients with local gastric cancer who underwent surgery and received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. In advanced gastric cancer patients, both NLR and PLR had significant effects on prognosis, so they may find application as easily measured prognostic factors for such patients.

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