DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Study on Theoretical Models of Regional Humanity Lung Cancer Hazards Assessment

  • Zhang, Chuan (School of Public Health, Capital Medical University) ;
  • Gao, Xing (School of Public Health, Capital Medical University)
  • Published : 2015.03.18

Abstract

Purpose: To establish the concept of lung cancer hazard assessment theoretical models, evaluating the degree of lung cancer risk of Beijing for regional population lung cancer hazard assessment to provide a basis for technical support. Materials and Methods: ISO standards were used to classify stratified analysis for the entire population, life cycle, processes and socioeconomic management. Associated risk factors were evaluated as lung cancer hazard risk assessment first class indicators. Study design: Using the above materials, indicators were given the weight coefficients, building lung cancer risk assessment theoretical models. Regional data for Beijing were entered into the theoretical model to calculate the parameters of each indicator and evaluate the degree of local lung cancer risk. Results: Adopting the concept of lung cancer hazard assessment and theoretical models for regional populations, we established a lung cancer hazard risk assessment system, including 2 first indicators, 8 secondary indicators and 18 third indicators. All indicators were given weight coefficients and used as information sources. Score of hazard for lung cancer was 84.4 in Beijing. Conclusions: Comprehensively and systematically building a lung cancer risk assessment theoretical model for regional populations in conceivable, evaluating the degree of lung cancer risk of Beijing, providing technical support and scientific basis for interventions for prevention.

Keywords

Lung cancer;hazards assessment;index system;theoretical models

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Natural Science Foundation

References

  1. Ahmed K, Emran AA, Jesmin T, et al (2013). Early detection of lung cancer risk using data mining. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 595-8 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.1.595
  2. Cassidy A, Myles JP, Van Tongeren M, et al (2008). The llp risk model: An individual risk prediction model for lung cancer. Br J Cancer, 98, 270-6. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604158
  3. Cluster Hai C (2006). Risk reduction and emergency preparedness: who six-year strategy for the health sector and community capacity development. Geneva. WHO.
  4. Cohen AJ, Anderson HR, Ostro B, et al (2004). Urban air pollution. Geneva.WHO.
  5. Colditz GA, Atwood KA, Emmons K, et al (2000). Harvard report on cancer prevention volume 4: Harvard cancer risk index. Cancer Causes Control, 11, 477-88. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008984432272
  6. Cui Rong, Guo Xin-biao, Deng Fu-rong, et al (2005). Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, organic carbon and element carbon in air particulate matter in Beijing. Chin J Public Health, 25, 431-2.
  7. Garshick E, Laden F, Hart JE, et al (2008). Lung cancer and vehicle exhaust in trucking industry workers. Environ Health Perspect, 116, 1327-32. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.11293
  8. Hwang SH, Ryu HJ, Kang SJ, et al (2013). Levels of tobaccospecific metabolites among non-smoking lung cancer cases at diagnosis: case-control findings.Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 6591-3. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.11.6591
  9. Hystad P, Demers PA, Johnson KC, et al (2013). Long-term residential exposure to air pollution and lung cancer risk. Epidemiology, 24, 762-72. https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182949ae7
  10. International standard, IEC/ISO31010 (2009). Risk managementrisk assessment techniques. Geneva. IEC
  11. Minna J, JH S (2008). Harrison's principles of internal medicine 17th. McGraw-Hill, 551-62.
  12. Pongpiachan S, Choochuay C, Chalachol J, et al (2013). Chemical characterisation of organic functional group compositions in PM2.5 collected at nine administrative provinces in Northern Thailand during the haze episode in 2013. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 14, 3653-61. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.6.3653
  13. Pope CA, Burnett RT, Thun MJ, et al (2002). Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution. JAMA, 287, 1132-41. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.9.1132
  14. Pruss-Ustun A, Corvalan C (2006). Preventing disease through healthy environments towards an estimate of the environmental burden of disease. Geneva. WHO Press
  15. Spitz MR, Hong WK, Amos CI, et al (2007). A risk model for prediction of lung cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst, 99, 715-26. https://doi.org/10.1093/jnci/djk153
  16. Spitz MR, Etzel CJ, Dong Q, et al (2008). An expanded risk prediction model for lung cancer. Cancer Prev Res, 1, 250-4. https://doi.org/10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-08-0060
  17. Stewart B, Wild CP (2014). World cancer report 2014. IARC.
  18. Straif K, Cohen A, Samet J, et al (2013). Air pollution and cancer. IARC.
  19. Sun JY, Shi L, Gao XD, et al (2012). Physical activity and risk of lung cancer: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 3143-7 https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.7.3143
  20. Wang WL, Fu L, Cui YL, et al (2008). Meta-analysis of the risk factoe of lung cancer among chinese people. Modern Prevent Med, 5, 4436-8.
  21. World Health Organization (2010). A conceptual framework for action on the social determinants of health. Geneva: WHO Press,.
  22. World Health Organization (2005-2008). Cancer control: knowledge into action-WHO guide for effective programmes. Geneva. WHO Press.
  23. World Health Organization (2008). Cancer mortality and morbidity.
  24. World Health Organization (2010). Global cancer rates could increase by 50% to 15 million by 2020.
  25. World Health Organization (2009). Global health risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva .WHO Press.
  26. World Health Organization (2008). The global burden of disease:2004 update. Geneva. WHO Press.
  27. World Health Organization (2004). The global burden of disease. Geneva. WHO Press.
  28. Yang YJ, Song H (2005). Toxic effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on the respiratory system. J Toxicol, 19, 146-50.
  29. Zeegers MP, Tan FE, Dorant E, et al (2000). The impact of characteristics of cigarette smoking on urinary tract cancer risk: A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies. Cancer, 89, 630-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(20000801)89:3<630::AID-CNCR19>3.0.CO;2-Q