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Multifaceted Usage of HPV Related Tests and Products in the Management of Cervical Cancer - a Review

  • Nalliah, Sivalingam (Division of Human Development and Population Health, Clinical School, International Medical University) ;
  • Karikalan, Barani (School of Medicine, International Medical University) ;
  • Kademane, Kumaraswamy (School of Medicine, International Medical University)
  • Published : 2015.04.03

Abstract

HPV viruses are integral to the development of cervical cancer. The pathogenesis has been extensively studied. To date, numerous HPV tests and products have been developed and successfully utilized in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cervical cancer. The HPV DNA test, when combined with other routine cervical cancer screening and diagnostic tests namely exfoliative cytology, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and colposcopy has increased the detection rate of cervical cancer. HPV DNA products could also be measured in other body fluids like urine, lymph node tissue, and serum. HPV association could also be quantified by measuring other parameters like HPV mRNA, viral load, viral integration and methylation status. Vaccination against HPV has been found to decrease the incidence of cervical cancer. Further, therapeutic vaccines for cervical cancer against HPV continue to evolve. All these findings pertaining to HPV could possibly decrease the incidence of cervical cancer in the near future. This review aims to give an overview of the HPV tests and products in use and those under trial currently.

Keywords

HPV;DNA test;triage;cervical intraepithelial lesion;cervical cancer

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