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Survival Rates of Cervical Cancer Patients in Malaysia

  • Muhamad, Nor Asiah (Institute for Medical Research) ;
  • Kamaluddin, Muhammad Amir (Institute for Medical Research) ;
  • Adon, Mohd Yusoff (Institute for Medical Research) ;
  • Noh, Mohamed Asyraf (Institute for Medical Research) ;
  • Bakhtiar, Mohammed Faizal (Institute for Medical Research) ;
  • Tamim, Nor Saleha Ibrahim (Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health) ;
  • Mahmud, Siti Haniza (Institue for Health System Research) ;
  • Aris, Tahir (Institute for Public Health)
  • Published : 2015.04.14

Abstract

Cervical cancer is the most common malignant cancer of the female reproductive organs worldwide. Currently, cervical cancer can be prevented by vaccination and detected at an early stage via various screening methods. Malaysia, as a developing country faces a heavy disease burden of cervical cancer as it is the second most common cancer among Malaysian women. This population based study was carried out to fulfil the primary aim of determining the survival rates of Malaysian women with cervical cancer and associated factors. Data were obtained from two different sources namely, the Malaysian National Cancer Registry (MNCR) and National Health Informatics Centre (NHIC) from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2005. Kaplan Meier analyses were conducted to identify the overall survival rates and median survival time. Differences in survival among different ethnic and age group were compared using the log-rank test. A total of 5,859 patients were included. The median survival time for cervical cancer in this study was 65.8 months and the 5-year survival rate was 71.1%. The overall observed survival rates at 1, 3 and 5 years were 94.1%, 79.3% and 71.1% respectively. The log-rank test finding also showed that there were significant differences in the 5-year survival rate among different ethnic groups. Malays had the lowest survival rate of 59.2% followed by Indians (69.5%) and Chinese (73.8%). The overall 5-year survival rate among patients with cervical cancer in Malaysia is relatively good. Age and ethnic groups remain as significant determining factors for cervical cancer survival rate.

Keywords

Cervical cancer;survival rate;ethnic group;Malaysia

Acknowledgement

Supported by : NIH

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