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Comparison of Three Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy, Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy and Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy for Low Radiation Exposure of Normal Tissue in Patients with Prostate Cancer

  • Cakir, Aydin (Department of Radiation Oncology, Oncology Institute, Istanbul University) ;
  • Akgun, Zuleyha (Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University) ;
  • Fayda, Merdan (Department of Radiation Oncology, Oncology Institute, Istanbul University) ;
  • Agaoglu, Fulya (Department of Radiation Oncology, Oncology Institute, Istanbul University)
  • Published : 2015.04.29

Abstract

Radiotherapy has an important role in the treatment of prostate cancer. Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT), intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) techniques are all applied for this purpose. However, the risk of secondary radiation-induced bladder cancer is significantly elevated in irradiated patients compared surgery-only or watchful waiting groups. There are also reports of risk of secondary cancer with low doses to normal tissues. This study was designed to compare received volumes of low doses among 3D-CRT, IMRT and VMAT techniques for prostate patients. Ten prostate cancer patients were selected retrospectively for this planning study. Treatment plans were generated using 3D-CRT, IMRT and VMAT techniques. Conformity index (CI), homogenity index (HI), receiving 5 Gy of the volume (V5%), receiving 2 Gy of the volume (V2%), receiving 1 Gy of the volume (V1%) and monitor units (MUs) were compared. This study confirms that VMAT has slightly better CI while thev olume of low doses was higher. VMAT had lower MUs than IMRT. 3D-CRT had the lowest MU, CI and HI. If target coverage and normal tissue sparing are comparable between different treatment techniques, the risk of second malignancy should be a important factor in the selection of treatment.

Keywords

Low dose volumes;secondary cancer;volumetric modulated arc therapy;prostate cancer

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