Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Cervical Cancer in Indonesia

  • Endarti, Dwi (Division of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University) ;
  • Riewpaiboon, Arthorn (Division of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University) ;
  • Thavorncharoensap, Montarat (Division of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University) ;
  • Praditsitthikorn, Naiyana (Health Intervention and Technology Assessment Program (HITAP), Ministry of Public Health) ;
  • Hutubessy, Raymond (Initiative for Vaccine Research, World Health Organization) ;
  • Kristina, Susi Ari (Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University)
  • Published : 2015.04.29


Background: Evaluation of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in cervical cancer patients is important in order to design the interventions for improving patient outcomes. Reports of HRQOL among cervical cancer patients in Indonesia are limited. Moreover, measurement using EQ-5D-3L is to our best knowledge has hitherto not been performed. This study aimed to examine the HRQOL of cervical cancer patients in Indonesia using EQ-5D-3L. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing cervical cancer patients using the EQ-5D-3L questionnaire. Percentages of patients who reported having problems in each dimension of EQ-5D as well as EQ-5D index score (utility) were calculated. Results: Our findings indicated that the most frequent reported problems were pain/discomfort (67.8%) followed by anxiety/depression (57.5%). The mean of EQ-5D VAS was 75.8 (SD=17.0). The mean (SD) utility scores were 0.85 (0.19), 0.76 (0.20), 0.71 (0.21), and 0.77 (0.13) for cervical cancer patients in stage I, II, III, and IV, respectively. Conclusions: Cervical cancer significantly affects patient HRQOL. Efforts should be made to improve the quality of life of cervical cancer patients especially in terms of pain /discomfort and anxiety/depression reduction.


Cervical cancer -EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D);quality of life;utility;Indonesia


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