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Role of CD10 Immunohistochemical Expression in Predicting Aggressive Behavior of Phylloides Tumors

  • Tariq, Muhammad Usman (Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University Hospital) ;
  • Haroon, Saroona (Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University Hospital) ;
  • Kayani, Naila (Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University Hospital)
  • Published : 2015.04.29

Abstract

Background: Phylloides tumors are rare breast neoplasms with a variable clinical course depending on the tumor category. Along with histologic features, the role of immunohistochemical staining has been studied in predicting their behavior. Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the role of CD 10 immunohistochemical staining in predicting survival, recurrence and metastasis in phylloides tumor. We also evaluated correlations of other clinicopathological features with overall and disease-free survival. Materials and Methods: CD10 expression was studied in 82 phylloides tumors divided into recurrent/metastatic and non-recurrent/non-metastatic cohorts. The Chi-square test was applied to determine the significance of differences in CD10 expression between outcome cohorts. Uni and multivariate survival analyses were also performed using log-rank test and Cox regression hazard models. Results: All 3 metastatic cases, 5 out of 6 (83.3%) recurrent cases and 37out of 73 (50.7%) non-recurrent and non-metastatic cases expressed significant (2+ or 3+) staining for CD10. This expression significantly varied between outcome cohorts (p<0.03). Tumor category and histological features including mitotic count and necrosis correlated significantly with recurrence and metastasis. A significant decrease in overall and disease free survival was seen with CD10 positivity, malignant category, increased mitoses and necrosis. Neither CD10 expression nor any other clinicopathologic feature proved to be an independent prognostic indicator in multivariate analysis. Conclusions: CD10 immunohistochemical staining can be used as a predictive tool for phylloides tumor but this expression should be interpreted in conjunction with tumor category.

Keywords

CD10;phylloides tumor;benign;malignant;recurrence;metastasis;immunohistochemistry

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Aga Khan University Hospital

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