- Volume 16 Issue 9
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Esophageal Cancer in Brunei Darussalam over a three Decade Period: an Epidemiologic Study of Trends and Differences between Genders and Racial Groups
- Chong, Vui Heng (Department of Medicine, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital) ;
- Telisinghe, Pemasari Upali (Department of Pathology, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital) ;
- Chong, Chee Fui (Department of Surgery, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha (RIPAS) Hospital)
- Published : 2015.05.18
Background: Carcinoma of the esophagus is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The most common subtype is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In the past three decades, the incidence of SCC has been reported to be decreasing whereas esophageal adenocarcinoma (AC) is increasing. This study assessed the trend of esophageal cancer in Brunei Darussalam over a three decades period. Materials and Methods: The National Cancer registry was searched for esophageal cancers from 1986 to 2012. Data on age, gender, racial groups (Malays, Chinese, Indigenous and foreign nationals) and histology type were collected. The rate (ASR) and Age Specific Incidence rate (ASIR) were calculated. Results: The predominant tumor type was SCC which accounted for 89% of all esophageal cancer. The gender ratio was 2.25: 1 (male: female) and the mean age at diagnosis was
Esophageal cancer;squamous cell carcinoma;adenocarcinoma;presentations;incidence
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