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Effect of Home Care Service on the Quality of Life in Patients with Gynecological Cancer

  • Aktas, Demet (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing, Turgut Ozal University, School of Nursing) ;
  • Terzioglu, Fusun (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing, Hacettepe University Faculty of Nursing)
  • Published : 2015.05.18

Abstract

The purpose of the research was to determine the effect of home care service on the quality of life in patients with gynecological cancer. This randomized case control study was carried out in a womans hospital between September 2011 and February 2012. Women undergoing gynecological cancer treatment were separated into intervention and control groups, of 35 patients each. The intervention group was provided with nursing care service through hospital and home visits ($1^{st}$, $12^{th}$ weeks) within the framework of a specifically developed nursing care plan. The control group was monitored without any intervention through the hospital routine protocols ($1^{st}$, $12^{th}$ weeks). Data were collected using An Interview Form, Home Visit Monitoring Form and Quality of Life Scale/Cancer Survivors. Effects of home care service on the quality of life in gynecological cancer patients were investigated using chi-square tests, McNemar's test, independent t-test and ANOVA. This study found that the intervention group receiving home care service had a moderately high quality of life (average mean: $6.01{\pm}0.64$), while the control group had comparatively lower quality (average mean: $4.35{\pm}0.79$) within the 12 week post-discharge period (p<0.05). This study found home care services to be efficient in improving the quality of life in patients with gynecological cancer.

Keywords

Gynecological cancer;home care service;home visit;nursing interventions;quality of life

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