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Metformin May Improve the Prognosis of Patients with Pancreatic Cancer

  • Zhang, Jia-Wei (The Department of Oncology, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi Second Hospital) ;
  • Sun, Qing (The Department of Oncology, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi Second Hospital)
  • Published : 2015.05.18

Abstract

Background: Pancreatic cancer risk is increased in patients with type 2 diabetes, while being reduced by metformin treatment. However, it is unclear whether metformin could be associated with clinical outcomes of patients with pancreatic cancer and concurrent type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: A pooled analysis of 4 publications including 1,429 patients was performed to investigate the association of metformin and overall survival(OS) in patients with pancreatic cancer and concurrent type 2 diabetes. Results: A borderline significant relative survival benefit was found in metformin treated patients compared with non-metformin treated patients (hazard ratio 0.80; 95% CI: 0.62-1.03). Conclusions: These results suggest that further investigation is warranted of whether metformin may benefit the survival of patients with pancreatic cancer and concurrent type 2 diabetes.

Keywords

Pancreatic cancer;metformin;survival;prognosis

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