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Personal and Socio-Cultural Barriers to Cervical Cancer Screening in Iran, Patient and Provider Perceptions: a Qualitative Study

  • Bayrami, Roghieh (Nursing and Midwifery School, Health Sciences Research Center, School of Health, Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Taghipour, Ali (Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, School of Health, Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Ebrahimipour, Hossein (Department of Health and Management, Health Sciences Research Center, School of Health, Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.05.18

Abstract

Background: Although cervical cancer is preventable and early screening might decrease the associated mortality, challenges faced by the women and health care providers can postpone early detection. This qualitative study aimed to establish patient and provider perceptions about personal and socio-cultural barriers for cervical cancer screening in Mashhad, Iran. Materials and Methods: In the present study, which was conducted in 2012, eighteen participants, who were selected purposefully, participated in individual in-depth, semi-structured interviews, which were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using conventional content analysis and Atlas-Ti software. Results: One theme and two categories were derived from data including: cognitive/behavioral factors (lack of a community-based approach to cervical cancer, lack of awareness, wrong attitude and lack of health seeking behaviors) and socio/cultural issues (socio-cultural invasion, mismatch between tradition, modernity and religious, extra marital relationships and cultural taboos). Conclusions: Providing community based approach education programs and employing social policy are needed for preventing of cervical cancer in Iran.

Keywords

Cervical cancer;cancer screening;qualitative study;Iran

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