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UBE2Q1 in a Human Breast Carcinoma Cell Line: Overexpression and Interaction with p53

  • Shafiee, Sayed Mohammad (Departments of Biochemistry- Recombinant Protein Laboratory, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Rasti, Mozhgan (Departments of Biochemistry- Recombinant Protein Laboratory, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Seghatoleslam, Atefeh (Departments of Biochemistry- Recombinant Protein Laboratory, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Azimi, Tayebeh (Departments of Biochemistry- Recombinant Protein Laboratory, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Owji, Ali Akbar (Departments of Biochemistry- Recombinant Protein Laboratory, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2015.05.18

Abstract

The p53 tumor suppressor protein is a principal mediator of growth arrest, senescence, and apoptosis in response to a broad array of cellular damage. p53 is a substrate for the ubiquitin-proteasome system, however, the ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s) involved in p53 ubiquitination have not been well studied. UBE2Q1 is a novel E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme gene. Here, we investigated the effect of UBE2Q1 overexpression on the level of p53 in the MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cell line as well as the interaction between UBE2Q1 and p53. By using a lipofection method, the p53 mutated breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-468, was transfected with the vector pCMV6-AN-GFP, containing UBE2Q1 ORF. Western blot analysis was employed to verify the overexpression of UBE2Q1 in MDA-MB-468 cells and to evaluate the expression level of p53 before and after cell transfection. Immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down protocols were used to investigate the binding of UBE2Q1 to p53. We established MDA-MB-468 cells that transiently expressed a GFP fusion proteins containing UBE2Q1 (GFP-UBE2Q1). Western blot analysis revealed that levels of p53 were markedly lower in UBE2Q1 transfected MDA-MB-468 cells as compared with control MDA-MB-468 cells. Both in vivo and in vitro data showed that UBE2Q1 co-precipitated with p53 protein. Our data for the first time showed that overexpression of UBE2Q1can lead to the repression of p53 in MDA-MB-468 cells. This repression of p53 may be due to its UBE2Q1 mediated ubiquitination and subsequent proteasome degradation, a process that may involve direct interaction of UBE2Q1with p53.

Keywords

UPS;UBE2Q1;breast cancer;p53

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