DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A comparison of Dietary Habits and Influencing Factors for Vegetable Preferences of Adolescents in Gyeongnam Province

경남지역 청소년의 채소 선호에 따른 식생활습관 및 영향요인 비교

  • Kwak, Suhyang (Department of Nutrition Education, Graduated School of Education, Changwon National University) ;
  • Woo, Taejung (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Lee, Kyoung Ae (Department of Practical Arts Education and Centre for Child Nutrition Education, Busan National University of Education) ;
  • Lee, Kyung-Hea (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University)
  • 곽수향 (창원대학교 교육대학원 영양교육전공) ;
  • 우태정 (창원대학교 식품영양학) ;
  • 이경애 (부산교육대학교 실과교육과과) ;
  • 이경혜 (창원대학교 식품영양학)
  • Received : 2015.07.02
  • Accepted : 2015.08.10
  • Published : 2015.08.30

Abstract

Objectives: A higher consumption of vegetables is emphasized as the core component of most dietary guidelines. Thus, this research investigated the dietary habits and influencing factors of vegetable preferences of adolescents. Methods: This study was conducted by using a self-administered questionnaire. 400 students from two high schools in Gyeongnam (193 boys, 207 girls) participated in the survey. The questionnaire consisted of the following variables: dietary habit, dietary action guide and factors based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). Results: The dietary habits of subjects showed significant differences depending on whether they prefer vegetables or not. The subjects in the group who liked vegetables had better dietary habits than the other group. Also, the study determined that the most important reason for liking or disliking vegetables is due to the taste. In the practice of dietary guidelines, the group of subjects who liked vegetables followed dietary guidelines more closely than the other group (p < 0.001). When the factors based on SCT were analyzed, personal factors showed significant differences between the groups: outcome expectation (p < 0.001), self-efficacy (p < 0.001) and affective attitude (p < 0.001). Personal factors and rated vegetable preferences showed a significant correlation in multiple regression analysis (F=42.015, p < 0.001). Conclusions: These results showed that vegetable preference is associated with a key point of desirable dietary habits among subjects. In order to increase vegetable preference or consumption, it is important to focus on strengthening not only self-efficacy of students, but also affective attitude of vegetable.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Changwon National University

References

  1. Lee KH, Kim KW, Lee YK, Lee SM, Son SM. Practice in nutrition education & counseling. 3rd ed. Seoul: Life Science Pulishing Co; 2015. p. 31, 353-364.
  2. Cho SH, Yoo HH. Nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits and awareness of food-nutrition labelling by girl's high school students. Korean J Community Nutr 2007; 12(5): 519-533.
  3. Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The 10th Korea youth risk behavior web-based survey [internet]. 2014 [cited 2015 Feb 10]. Available from: http://yhs.cdc.go.kr.
  4. Ministry of Health and Welfare & Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Korea health statistics 2013; Korea National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-1) [internet]. 2014 [cited 2015 Jan 10]. Available from: http://knhanes.cdc.go.kr.
  5. Marlett JA. Sites and mechanisms for the hypocholesterolemic actions of soluble dietary fiber sources. Adv Exp Med Biol 1997; 427(1): 109-121. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-5967-2_13
  6. Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Axelsen M, Augustin LS, Vuksan V. Viscous and nonviscous fibers, nonabsorbable and low glycaemic index carbohydrates, blood lipids and coronary heart disease. Curr Opin Lipidol 2000; 11(1): 49-56. https://doi.org/10.1097/00041433-200002000-00008
  7. Pollard CM, Nicolson C, Pulker CE, Binns CW. Translating government policy into recipes for success! Nutrition criteria promoting fruits and vegetables. J Nutr Educ Behav 2009; 41(3): 218-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2008.02.002
  8. United States Department of Agriculture. Fresh fruit and vegetable program [internet]. 2002 [cited 2015 Feb 1]. Available from: http://www.fns.usda.gov/ffvp.
  9. Hong JH, Cho MS. Acceptance of vegetable menus of a school lunch program by high school students in Seoul and its association with health and dietary behavioral factors. Korean J Food Sci Technol 2012; 44(1): 121-134. https://doi.org/10.9721/KJFST.2012.44.1.121
  10. Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The 2nd Health Japan 21[internet]. 2013 [cited 2015 Feb 1]. Available from: http://www.kenkounippon21.gr.jp.
  11. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Dietary reference intakes for Koreans. 1st revision. Seoul: The Korean Nutrition Society; 2010. p. 609.
  12. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Health Plan 2020 [internet]. 2011 [cited 2014 Jan 10]. Available from: http://www.mw.go.kr/front_new.
  13. Kim GR, Park SH, Kim MJ. A survey on intake of vegetable foods for proper dietary habits in middle school students. Korean J Culinary Res 2007; 13(4): 128-137.
  14. Ahn YK, Ro HK. A survey on preferences for vegetable cooking methods and vegetable-aversion-related factors among elementary school students in Kwangju and Chonnam regions. Korean J Community Nutr 2009; 14(5): 531-544.
  15. Ahn Y, Kim KW. Beliefs regarding vegetable consumption, self-efficacy and eating behaviors according to the stages of change in vegetable consumption among college students. Korean J Community Nutr 2012; 17(1): 1-13. https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2012.17.1.1
  16. Ham E, Choi MK. Evaluation of vegetable intakes according to body mass index of adolescents in Chungnam. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2014; 43(6): 926-933. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2014.43.6.926
  17. Contento IR. Nutrition education-linking research, theory, and practice. 1st ed. Sudbury: Jones and Barlett Publishers; 2006. p. 88-108, 91, 122, 125, 117-118.
  18. Middaugh AL, Fisk PS, Brunt A, Rhee YS. Few associations between income and fruit and vegetable consumption. J Nutr Educ Behav 2012; 44(3): 196-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2011.10.003
  19. Kim JY. A study on middle school students' preference and perception for vegetables depending on their knowledge of nutrition [master's thesis]. Chungang University graduated school of education; 2013. p. 58-65.
  20. Chung SJ. Usage the stage of change model preceed-proceed model. Proceedings of 2006 Workshop of the Korean Society of Community Nutrition; 2006 Feb 2; Seoul: p. 1-10.
  21. Baek JY, Kim HY. Vegetable eating behavior and preference of elementary school students by stage of change for vegetable intake. Korean J Food Cult 2007; 24(2): 146-154.
  22. Chung EJ, Lee SH, Ahn HS. Vegetable preferences and their associations with nutritional knowledge and health-related variables in 5th and 6th grade schoolchildren. J Korean Diet Assoc 2009; 15(2): 83-96.
  23. Jung HK, Jo HJ, Choi MJ. A study on vegetable & fruit eating habits and dietary fiber intake of high school students - focusing on high school students in Daegu -. J Korean Soc School Health Educ 2011; 12(3): 43-64.
  24. Suh YS, Choi AS, Chung YJ. Psychosocial factors related with the intake of vegetables and fruits by stage of change of elementary school children in Chungnam province. Korean J Nutr 2009; 42(7): 639-649. https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2009.42.7.639
  25. Suh YS, Chung YJ. The effect of nutrition education on the improvement of psychosocial factors related to vegetable and fruit intake of elementary school children in pre-action stages. Korean J Nutr 2010; 43(6): 597-606. https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2010.43.6.597
  26. Lanfer A, Bammann K, Knof K, Buchecker K, Russo P, Veidebaum T et al. Predictors and correlates of taste preferences in European children: The IDEFICS study. Food Qual Preference 2013; 27(2): 128-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2012.09.006
  27. Park SH, Park HR, Jeon SB, Jeong SY, Tserendejid Z, Seo JS, Lee KH, Lee YK. Awareness and practice of dietary action guide for adolescence among middle and high school students in Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 2012; 17(2): 133-145. https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2012.17.2.133
  28. Cho HS, Choi MK. A study on body image and dietary habits by body mass index of middle school students in Chungnam. Korean J Food Nutr 2010; 23(3): 368-375.
  29. Park SH, Kim MJ. Acceptance and preference of vegetables in menus for middle school students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 2008; 37(12): 1660-1666. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2008.37.12.1660
  30. Cho HK, Kim MH. Dietary behavior and nutrient intake in university female students according to taste preference. J Korean Diet Assoc 2010; 16(2): 100-115.
  31. Ku UH, Seo JS. The status of nutrient intake and factors related to dislike of vegetables in elementary school students. Korean J Community Nutr 2005; 10(2): 151-162.
  32. Wardle J, Cooke LJ, Gibson EL, Sapochnik M, Sheiham A, Lawson M. Increasing children's acceptance of vegetables; a randomized trial of parent-led exposure. Appetite 2003; 40(2): 155-162. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-6663(02)00135-6
  33. Woo TJ, Lee KH. Effects of sensory education based on classroom activities for lower grade school children. Nutr Res Pract 2013; 7(4): 336-341. https://doi.org/10.4162/nrp.2013.7.4.336
  34. Woo TJ, Lee KH. Relationship between sweet preferences and motivation factors of 2nd grade schoolchildren. Korean J Food Nutr 2014; 27(3): 383-392. https://doi.org/10.9799/ksfan.2014.27.3.383
  35. Kristal AR, Glanz K, Tilley BC, Li S. Mediating factors in dietary change: understanding the impact of a worksite nutrition intervention. Health Educ Behav 2000; 27(1): 112-125. https://doi.org/10.1177/109019810002700110
  36. Liem DG, Mars M, Graaf C. Sweet preferences and sugar consumption of 4-and 5-year-old children: role of parents. Appetite 2004; 43(3): 235-245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2004.05.005