DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The fishing characteristics of Korean tuna purse seine fishery in the Pacific Ocean

태평양 수역 우리나라 다랑어선망어업의 어획특성

  • LEE, Mi Kyung (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • LEE, Sung Il (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • KIM, Zang Geun (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • KU, Jeong Eun (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • PARK, Hee Won (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • YOON, Sang Chul (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute)
  • 이미경 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 이성일 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 김장근 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 구정은 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 박희원 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 윤상철 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과)
  • Received : 2015.08.03
  • Accepted : 2015.08.24
  • Published : 2015.08.31

Abstract

Fishing trend and characteristics of Korean tuna purse seine fishery in the Pacific Ocean were investigated using logbook data compiled from captain onboard and the statistical data from 1980 to 2013. The historical catch of this fishery had sharply increased since mid-1980s, and it has shown fluctuations with about 2-3 hundred thousands, whereas the catch per number of vessel has steadily increased with fluctuations since commencing this fishery. As for the proportion of catch by set type, unassociated type had increased from the mid-1980s to the end of 1990s, and then has decreased up to 2010s. Associated type had decreased continually to the end of 1990s, however, it started to increase since the beginning of 2000s. As for the catch proportion of set type by main species, those of skipjack tuna and bigeye tuna showed higher in the associated type, whereas that of yellowfin tuna has the highest proportion in the unassociated type. Fishing distribution of Korean tuna purse seine fishery was concentrated on the area of $5^{\circ}N{\sim}10^{\circ}S$ and $140^{\circ}E{\sim}180^{\circ}$ through the decades. The monthly catch distribution by longitudinal zone of Korean tuna purse seine fishery expanded the most further to the eastward in September to October.

Keywords

Tuna purse seine fishery;Pacific Ocean;Skipjack tuna;Katsuwonus pelamis;Yellowfin tuna;Thunnus albacares;Bigeye tuna;Thunnus obesus

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립수산과학원

References

  1. An DH, Moon DY, Koh JR, Cho KD and Kim DS. 2003. Effect of El Nino event on the distribution of Korean tuna purse seine fishery in the Western Central Pacific Ocean. J. Korean Soc Fish Res 6(1), 32-40.
  2. Ariz J, Delgado M, Pallares A and Santana JC. 2001. Preliminary information of the activities of supply vessels in the Indian Ocean from observer data. Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, Third Meeting of the Working Party on Tropical Tunas, Victoria, Seychelles.
  3. Bromhead D, Foster J, Attard R, Findlay J and Kalish J. 2003. A review of the impact of fish aggregating devices (FADs) on tuna fisheries. Final report to Fisheries Resources Research Fund, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. Australia.
  4. Fonteneau A, Pallares P and Pianet R. 2000. A worldwide review of purse seine fisheries on FADs. In: Peche thoniere et dispositifs de concentration de poisons, Actes Coll IFREMER 28, 15-35.
  5. Hallier JP. 1990. Tuna fishing on log associated schools in the Western Indian Ocean: an aggregation behavior. Expert Consultation on the stock assessment of tuna in the Indian Ocean, Bangkok, Thailand.
  6. Harley S, Davies N, Hampton J and Mckechnie S. 2014. Stock assessment of bigeye tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. WCPFC-SC10-2014/SA-WP-01.
  7. Hyun JS, Lee BG, Kim HS and Yae YH. 1992. Development of Tuna Purse seine Fishery in Korea and the Countries Concerned. Kor soc Fish Mar Sci Edu 4(1), 30-46.
  8. Itano D, Fukofuka S and Brogan D. 2005. The development, design and recent status of anchored and drifiting FADs in the WCPO. 17th Meeting of the Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish Working paper, INF-FTWG-3.
  9. Kim HS. 1999. Property of fish school and vertical temperature profile of tuna purse seine in the Western Pacific Ocean. Bull Korean Soc Fish Tech 35(3), 237-242.
  10. Kim SW and Kim JK. 1995. The distribution of Catch by Korean tuna purse seiners in the Western Pacific Ocean. Kor soc Fish Mar Sci Edu 4(1), 30-46.
  11. Korea Overseas Fisheries Association. 2014. Statistical year book of overseas fisheries, Samchang Press, 100-246.
  12. Ku JE, Lee SI, Kim JK, Park HW, Lee MK, Kim ZG and Lee DW. 2015. Age and growth of the Skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. Korean J Fish Aquat Sci 48(3), 1-10. (doi:10.5657/KFAS.2015.0377) https://doi.org/10.5657/KFAS.2015.0001
  13. Lee SI, Kim ZG, Shon HS, Yoo JT, Kim MJ, Lee DW, Kim DN and Moon DY, 2011. Pilot research on species composition of Korean purse catch at cannery. J Kor Soc Fish Tech 47, 390-402. (doi:10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.390) https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2011.47.4.390
  14. Lehodey P, Bertignac M, Hampton J, Lewis A and Picaut J. 1997. Impacts of the El Nino Southern Oscillation on tuna populations and fisheries in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Nature 389, 715-718. https://doi.org/10.1038/39575
  15. Lennert-Cody CE, Roberts JJ and Stephenson RJ. 2008. Effects of gear characteristics on the presence of bigeye tuna in the catches of the purse-seine fishery of the Eastern Pacific Ocean. ICES J Mar Sci 65, 970-978. (doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsn075) https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsn075
  16. Leroy B, Phillips JS, Nicol S, Pilling GM, Harely S, Bromhead D, Hoyle S, Caillot S, Allain V and Hampton J. 2013. A critique on the ecosystem impacts of drifting and anchored FADs use by purse-seine tuna fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. Aquat Living Resour 26, 49-61. (doi:10.1051/alr/2012033) https://doi.org/10.1051/alr/2012033
  17. Marsac F, Fonteneau A and Menard F. 1999. Drifting FADs used in tuna fisheries : an ecological trap? Peche thoniere et dispositifs de concentration de poissons. Edition Ifremer. Actes Colloq 28:36-54, pp. 537-552.
  18. Miyake M, Guillotreau P, Sun CH and Ishimura G. 2010. Recent developments in the tuna industry : Stocks, fisheries, management, processing, trade and markets. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical paper. No. 543. Rome, FAO, xvi-xvii.
  19. Moon DY, Lee JU and Kim JB. 1996. On the Log-Associated School Fishery of Korean tuna purse seiners. J Korean Fish Soc 29(2), 197-207.
  20. Moon DY, Yang WS, Kim SS, Koh JR and Kim EJ. 2005. Characteristics of the Korean tuna purse seine fishery in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. J Kor Soc Fish Tech 41(4), 263-270. https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2005.41.4.263
  21. Moon DY, An DH, Hwang SJ and Kim SS. 2008. Preliminary information on the catch of small-sized tuna by set type of Korean tuna purse seine fishery in the WCPO. WCPFC-SC-04-2008/FT-IP-5.
  22. Moron J, Areso J and Pallares P. 2001. Statistics and technical information about the Spanish purse seine fleet in the Pacific. The 14th Meeting of the Standing Committee on Tuna and Billfish, Noumea, New Caledonia.
  23. National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (NFRDI). 2007. Development of distant water fishing ground 50 years. Haein Press, Busan, p20-21.
  24. Park SW. 1984. On the tuna schools associated with the drift objects or animals in the western equatorial Pacific waters. Bull korean Fish Soc 17(1), 47-54.
  25. Park YC, Lee JW, Kim JB and Moon DY. 1998. Fishing grounds and fishing efficiency by using of helicopter for the Korean tuna purse seine fishery in the Western tropical Pacific Ocean. J Korean Soc Fish Res 1(1), 59-66.
  26. Ryu KJ. 2015. A change of rigging method for Korea tuna purse seine gear in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. Ph.D. Thesis, Pukyong National University, Korea.
  27. Schaefer KM and Fuller DW. 2005. Behavior of bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) tunas within aggregations associated with floating objects in the equatorial eastern Pacific. Mar Biol 146, 781-792. (doi:10.1007/s00227-004-1480-x.) https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-004-1480-x
  28. Schaefer KM, Fuller DW and Block BA. 2011. Movements, behavior and habitat utilization of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the Pacific Ocean off Baja California, Mexico, determined from archival tag data analyses, inclduing unscented Kalman filtering. Fish Res 112, 22-37. (doi:10.1016/.fishres.2011.08.006.) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2011.08.006
  29. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). 2005. Conservation and Management for Bigeye and Yellowfin. CMM 2005-01.
  30. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). 2006. Conservation and Management Measures for Bigeye and Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. CMM 2006-01.
  31. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). 2008. Conservation and Management Measure for Bigeye and Yellowfin Tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. CMM 2008-01.
  32. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). 2012. Conservation and Management Measure for bigeye, yellowfin and skipjack tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. CMM 2012-01.
  33. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). 2013. Conservation and Management Measure for bigeye, yellowfin and skipjack tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. CMM 2013-01.
  34. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). 2014. Conservation and Management Measure for bigeye, yellowfin and skipjack tuna in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. CMM 2014-01.
  35. Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC). 2014. Estimates of annual catches in the WCPFC statistical area. WCPFC-SC-10-2014/ST IP-1.
  36. Williams P and Terawasi P. 2014. Overview of tuna fisheries in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, including economic conditions-2013. WCPFC-SC-10-2014/ GN WP-1.

Cited by

  1. Changes in fishing characteristics and distributions of Korean tuna purse seine fishery by oceanographic conditions in the Pacific Ocean vol.52, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2016.52.2.149
  2. CPUE standardization of Pacific bluefin tuna caught by Korean offshore large purse seine fishery (2003-2016) vol.54, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFOT.2018.54.2.116
  3. A Study on the Improvement of Hull-Form Design for Propulsion Type Change of Net Boat Mounted on Tuna Purse Seiner vol.24, pp.6, 2018, https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2018.24.6.810